Tinnitus and cell phones: the role of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation

[Il seguente studio ha evidenziato che le emissioni dei telefoni cellulari provocano dimostrati effetti termogenici e potenziali effetti biologici e genotossici.
Alcuni individui sono più sensibili all’esposizione a questi campi elettromagnetici in alta frequenza (Elettrosensibili), e, quindi, presentano più precocemente i sintomi.
Può esserci un processo patofisiologico comune tra Elettrosensibilità e tinnito.
Si conclude che esistono già prove ragionevoli per suggerire cautela nell’utilizzo dei telefoni cellulari, al fine di evitare danni uditivi nonchè l’insorgenza o il peggioramento del tinnito.]

1808-8694/© 2015 Associac¸ão Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.
All rights reserved.

By:
Luisa Nascimento Medeiros (a,b), Tanit Ganz Sanchez (b,c)

(a) Department of Otolaryngology, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
(b) Association for Interdisciplinary Research and Divulgation of Tinnitus, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
(c) Faculdade de Medicina, USP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

ARTICLE INFO

Article history
Received: 20 December 2014
Accepted: 17 April 2015

Keywords
Cellular phone
Electromagnetic radiation
Tinnitus

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tinnitus is a multifactorial condition and its prevalence has increased on the pastdecades. The worldwide progressive increase of the use of cell phones has exposed the peripheral auditory pathways to a higher dose of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation (EMRFR).
Some tinnitus patients report that the abusive use of mobiles, especially when repeated in thesame ear, might worsen ipsilateral tinnitus.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the available evidence about the possible causal association between tinnitus and exposure to electromagnetic waves.

Methods: A literature review was performed searching for the following keywords: tinnitus,electromagnetic field, mobile phones, radio frequency, and electromagnetic hypersensitivity.
We selected 165 articles that were considered clinically relevant in at least one of the subjects.

Results: EMRFR can penetrate exposed tissues and safety exposure levels have been established. These waves provoke proved thermogenic effects and potential biological and genotoxic effects. Some individuals are more sensitive to electromagnetic exposure (electrosensitivity),and thus, present earlier symptoms. There may be a common pathophysiology between this electrosensitivity and tinnitus.

Conclusion: There are already reasonable evidences to suggest caution for using mobile phones to prevent auditory damage and the onset or worsening of tinnitus.

Fonte:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1808869415001639#item1

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Tinnitus and cell phones