Tag: <span>Wi-Fi</span>

Jenny Fry, allergica al wi-fi, si impicca a 15 anni

1 dicembre 2015 – “www.blitzquotidiano.it”, di redazione Blitz

LONDRA – Si suicida a 15 anni perché allergica al wi-fi. Una allergia che le rendeva impossibile frequentare regolarmente la scuola. La connessione wirelles ad internet, infatti, alla ragazza, Jenny Fry, inglese, procurava terribili mal di testa e una continua stanchezza.

Di questa allergia soffre anche la madre, Debra, che adesso, intervistata dal tabloid britannico The Mirror, accusa la scuola: “Loro sapevano dell‘allergia di Jenny. Noi stavamo benissimo in casa, dove avevamo tolto il wi-fi. Ma quando lei andava a scuola riprendeva a stare male. Ne avevo parlato con i suoi insegnanti, ma loro mi avevano detto che c’erano tante prove dell’esistenza di danni da wi-fi quante ve ne erano del fatto che non fosse affatto nocivo”.

Erano ormai tre anni che Jenny stava male per questa allergia, che aveva modificato completamente la sua vita. “Non penso che volesse togliersi la vita”, ha detto la madre al Mirror, “si sentiva frustrata ed esasperata e ha commesso un drammatico errore”.

Ma qualche giorno fa Jenny ha mandato un sms ad un amico, dicendo che quel giorno non sarebbe andata a scuola. Poi è andata in un parco non distante da casa, a Chaldington Oxon, e si è impiccata ad un albero.



Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure of Wi-Fi on development of teeth and changes in teeth element concentration in rats. [corrected].

[Effetti del Wi-Fi a 2,45 Ghz sui denti degli animali da esperimento.

Articolo non ancora open source.]

Biol Trace Elem Res. 2015 Feb;163(1-2):193-201. doi: 10.1007/s12011-014-0175-5. Epub 2014 Nov 14.

Çiftçi ZZ1, Kırzıoğlu Z, Nazıroğlu M, Özmen Ö.

Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.

Article Info

Article history
Published online: 31 January 2015

Rat tooth development; Developmental effect; Element; MAP, bone morphogenetic proteins; FGF, fibroblast growth factor; ROS, reactive oxygen species; SAR, specific absorption rate; Wi-Fi

Erratum in

Erratum to: Effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure of Wi-Fi on development of teeth and changes in teeth element concentration in rats. [Biol Trace Elem Res. 2015]


The present study determined the effects of prenatal and postnatal exposure to Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz)-induced electromagnetic radiation (EMR) on tooth and surrounding tissue development as well as the element levels in growing rats. Twenty-four rats and their offspring were equally divided into two separate groups identified as experiment and control. The experiment group was exposed to 2.45 GHz EMR for 2 h/day during the periods of pregnancy (21 days) and lactation (21 days). The offspring of these dams were also exposed to EMR up to decapitation. The control group was exposed to cage stress for 2 h per day using the same protocol established for the experimental group. On the 7th, 14th, and 21st days after birth, 8 male offspring rats from each of the two groups were decapitated, and the jaws were taken for histological and immunohistochemical examination. Caspase-3 (1/50 dilution) was used in the immunohistochemical examination for apoptotic activity. On the last day of the experiment, the rats’ incisors were also collected. In samples that were histologically and immunohistochemically examined, there was an increase in apoptosis and caspase-3 in both the control and the Wi-Fi groups during the development of the teeth. However, no significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of development and apoptotic activity. Results from the elemental analysis showed that iron and strontium concentrations were increased in the Wi-Fi group, whereas boron, copper, and zinc concentrations were decreased. There were no statistically significant differences in calcium, cadmium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, or phosphorus values between the groups. Histological and immunohistochemical examinations between the experimental and control groups showed that exposure to 2.45 GHz EMR for 2 h per day does not interfere with the development of teeth and surrounding tissues. However, there were alterations in the elemental composition of the teeth, especially affecting such oxidative stress-related elements as copper, zinc, and iron, suggesting that short-term exposure to Wi-Fi-induced EMR may cause an imbalance in the oxidative stress condition in the teeth of growing rats.



Effect of long-term exposure of 2.4 GHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi equipment on testes functions.

[Effetti del Wi-Fi a 2,45 GHz sulla fertilità dei ratti maschi.

La versione PDF completa dell’articolo è scaricabile dal link in calce alla pagina.]

Electromagn Biol Med. 2015 Mar;34(1):37-42. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2013.869752. Epub 2014 Jan 24.

Dasdag S1, Taş M, Akdag MZ, Yegin K.

1Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Dicle , Diyarbakir , Turkey.

Article Info

Article history
Received: 3 May 2013
Revised: 15 November 2013
Accepted: 17 November 2013
Published online: 21 January 2014

2.4 GHz Wi-Fi; electromagnetic fields; long-term exposure; radiofrequency; reproduction; testes


The aim of this study was to investigate long-term effects of radiofrequency radiation (RFR) emitted from a Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) system on testes. The study was carried out on 16 Wistar Albino adult male rats by dividing them into two groups such as sham (n: 8) and exposure (n: 8). Rats in the exposure group were exposed to 2.4 GHz RFR radiation for 24 h/d during 12 months (1 year). The same procedure was applied to the rats in the sham control group except the Wi-Fi system was turned off. Immediately after the last exposure, rats were sacrificed and reproductive organs were removed. Motility (%), concentration (×10(6)/mL), tail defects (%), head defects (%) and total morphologic defects (%) of sperms and weight of testes (g), left epididymis (g), prostate (g), seminal vesicles (g) were determined. Seminiferous tubules diameter (μm) and tunica albuginea thickness (μm) were also measured. However, the results were evaluated by using Johnsen’s score. Head defects increased in the exposure group (p < 0.05) while weight of the epididymis and seminal vesicles, seminiferous tubules diameter and tunica albuginea thickness were decreased in the exposure group (p < 0.01, p < 0.001, p < 0.0001). However, other alterations of other parameters were not found significant (p > 0.05). In conclusion, we observed that long-term exposure of 2.4 GHz RF emitted from Wi-Fi (2420 μW/kg, 1 g average) affects some of the reproductive parameters of male rats. We suggest Wi-Fi users to avoid long-term exposure of RF emissions from Wi-Fi equipment.



Versione PDF completa scaricabile al seguente link:

wi-fi 2

Effects of Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz) Exposure on Apoptosis, Sperm Parameters and Testicular Histomorphometry in Rats: A Time Course Study

[Effetti del Wi-Fi a 2,45 GHz sulla fertilità dei ratti maschi.]

Cell J. 2015 Summer; 17(2): 322–331. PMCID: PMC4503846

Cell Journal.jpg

Saeed Shokri, Ph.D,1,* Aiob Soltani, M.Sc,2 Mahsa Kazemi, M.Sc,3 Dariush Sardari, Ph.D,2 and Farshid Babapoor Mofrad, Ph.D2

1Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences (ZUMS), Zanjan, Iran
2Department of Nuclear Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

Article info

Article history
Received: 24 April 2014
Accepted: 18 September 2014
Published online: 11 July 2015

Apoptosis; Electromagnetic Radiation; Testis; Spermatogenesis



In today’s world, 2.45-GHz radio-frequency radiation (RFR) from industrial, scientific, medical, military and domestic applications is the main part of indoor-outdoor electromagnetic field exposure. Long-term effects of 2.45-GHz Wi-Fi radiation on male reproductive system was not known completely. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the major cause of male infertility during short- and long-term exposure of Wi-Fi radiation.

Materials and Methods

This is an animal experimental study, which was conducted in the Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, IRAN, from June to August 2014. Three-month-old male Wistar rats (n=27) were exposed to the 2.45 GHz radiation in a chamber with two Wi-Fi antennas on opposite walls. Animals were divided into the three following groups: I. control group (n=9) including healthy animals without any exposure to the antenna, II. 1-hour group (n=9) exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation for 1 hour per day during two months and III.7-hour group (n=9) exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation for 7 hours per day during 2 months. Sperm parameters, caspase-3 concentrations, histomorphometric changes of testis in addition to the apoptotic indexes were evaluated in the exposed and control animals.


Both 1-hour and 7-hour groups showed a decrease in sperm parameters in a time dependent pattern. In parallel, the number of apoptosis-positive cells and caspase-3 activity increased in the seminiferous tubules of exposed rats. The seminal vesicle weight reduced significantly in both1-hour or 7-hour groups in comparison to the control group.


Regarding to the progressive privilege of 2.45 GHz wireless networks in our environment, we concluded that there should be a major concern regarding the timedependent exposure of whole-body to the higher frequencies of Wi-Fi networks existing in the vicinity of our living places.


Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from different sources, such as microwave ovens, radar, satellite links, wireless communication, frequency modulation (FM) radio and television (TV) transmitters/ antennas, is the main part of indoor- outdoor electromagnetic field exposure spectrum (1, 2). Widespread usage of industrial, scientific, medical, military and domestic applications with 2.45-GHz radio-frequency radiation is inevitable in today’s world. As the Wi-Fi technology is low cost and operates in the unlicensed spectrum at 2.40-2.4 GHz, the leakage of Wi-Fi radiation into the environment is unavoidable (3, 4).

It has been suggested that male infertility during the past several decades is related to the direct or indirect exposure to certain environmental factors such as radio-frequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) (5, 6). The effects of 2.45-GHz EMR on reproductive system have already been shown (710). Kumar et al. (11) showed 2.45 GHz microwave exposure causes an increase in caspase-3 and creatine kinase activities in the sperm in addition to a decrease in plasma levels of testosterone and melatonin in the exposed rat. In vitrostudy by Avendano et al. (12), focused on the effect of Wi-Fi radiation on the motility reduction and DNA fragmentation of human spermatozoa. The negative effect of Wi-Fi emitting RF-EMW has been also reported on the ex vivo human sperm parameters (13), sexual behavior (14) and testis structure of exposed animals (15). It is believed that exposure to EMR can enhance production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) (9, 12,1518). An increase in lipid peroxidation levels in addition to a decrease in antioxidant enzymes and vitamin A and E levels (11, 19) can explain some aspects of 2.45-GHz EMR effect on reproductive tissues of male rats. Kim et al. (20) showed that the effect of exposure to 2.45-GHz EMR on proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonia is correlated with serum sex hormone level. In parallel with defect in spermatogenesis process, the negative effects of 2.45-GHz EMR on histopathological changes and apoptosis status of rat testis are inevitable (7). Nowadays 2.45 GHz wireless networks have become much more commonplace in our environment (21). Wireless devices have been widespread used in our living and working environments for longer exposure times than wireless phones which may have an untoward influence on health (2). According to the Bioinitiative Report (http://www.bioinitiative.org/), current safety guidelines for electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure are not sufficient and should be revised based on data from various toxicological tests (22). Due to whole body exposure to the RF-EMR, we tried to analyze potential effects of 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation from a wireless antenna on the reproductive system of freely moving male rats for short- and long-term. Indeed, the consequences of exposure to the emitted radiofrequency waves from Wi-Fi antenna were the major concerns of the present study.

Materials and Methods


This is an animal experimental study, which was conducted in the Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran, from June to August 2014. Animals, 3-month old Wistar strain rats (n=27), were maintained as national guidelines and protocols approved by the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC no.03/028/07).

All experimental protocols were approved by the Ethics Committee of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran. Healthy adult male albino rats weighing 250 g, were randomly selected and housed under environmentally controlled conditions. The rats were fed with a standard laboratory diet (Pars Dam Co., Tehran, Iran) and clean drinking water ad libitum.

Exposure system

The exposure system was a chamber (180 cm×80 cm×70 cm), designed for whole-body exposure of free-moving rats to a Wi-Fi signal. Two Wi-Fi antennas (NanoStation Loco M2, 2.45 GHz, 8.5 dBi, Ubiquiti Networks, Inc. USA) were placed at the center of two sides of the chamber. A previous study applied a restrainer to fix space between antenna and rat (19). Since it was a stressful condition that could probably affect hormonal balance of animals, we tried to assess the effect of radiation on the free moving animals (14,23).

Animals were divided into three following groups (n=9 per each group): I. control group including healthy animals without any exposure to the antenna, II. 1-hour group including animals exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation one hour per day during two months (1 hour/day/2 months) (7, 14, 20) and III. 7-hour group including animals exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation seven hours per day during two months (7 hours/day/2 months). All exposure conditions were coded and analyzed in a blind manner.

Laboratory studies, body and reproductive organ weights

Animals were anesthetized intraperitoneally with a mixture of ketamine (45 mg⁄kg, Sigma- Aldrich, Germany) and xylazine (35 mg⁄kg, Sigma Aldrich, Germany). The weight gain of animal in each group was defined as the differences between initial and final body weights. The reproductive organs including testes, epididymis, seminal vesicles and ventral prostate were accurately weighed following being dissected out from surrounded adipose and connective tissues by an expert anatomist. The relative weights of each dissected reproductive organ were expressed as the weight of organ to the body weight ratio. The samples of testicular tissues were fixed in a 4% buffered formaldehyde solution (Merck, Germany) and then were embedded in paraffin wax (Merck, Germany) using standard techniques for preparing 5-μm thick sections. Other side testicle was randomly dissected out and transferred to a cryotube for storing in liquid nitrogen in order to determine the caspase-3 activity.

Sperm characteristics

Caudal part of epididymis was dissected out and chopped in the 5 ml of Ham’s F10 medium solution (GIBCO, USA). Epididymal sperm were collected following 5 minutes incubation at 37˚C to allow sperm to swim out of the epididymal tubules. One drop of sperm suspension was placed on a microscope slide and cover slipped. At least 10 microscopic fields were observed at ×40 magnification by a phase contrast microscope (Olympus BX51, Tokyo, Japan). The sperm motility parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. The percentages of progressive, motile, and immotile sperm were expressed as the ratio to the total counted sperm. The sperm count parameters were also obtained by the method described in the WHO recommendations (24). Briefly, 5 μl aliquot of epididymal sperm was diluted with 95 μl of diluents (0.35% formalin containing 5% NaHCO3 and 0.25% trypan blue, Merck, Germany), and approximately 10 μl of this diluted specimen was transferred to the counting chambers of the haemocytometer. The cells were counted with a light microscope at ×40 magnification. For morphological abnormalities, sperm smears were drawn on slides and allowed to air-dry overnight. Slides were stained with 1% eosin- Y⁄5% nigrosin (Merck, Germany) and examined at ×40 magnification. Amorphous, hook less, bicephalic, coiled or abnormal tails were considered as the morphological abnormalities (25). The total percentages of abnormal and normal sperm were then calculated.

Histopathological evaluation of spermatogenesis

Either the number of germinal cell layers or Johnson’s score were measured for categorizing spermatogenesis in the testes. According to Miller et al. (26) description, the number of germinal epithelial layers was counted in 10 seminiferous tubules. Based on Johnson’s method, a score of 1-10 was applied for each cross-sectioned tubule (27).

Apoptosis in reproductive tissues of rats

Germ cell apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) enzymemediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay kit (Roche, Germany). Briefly, 5-μm thick paraffinembedded sections were microwave-pretreated in 10 mM citrate buffer (Merck, Germany, pH=6.0) for 10 minutes. Sections were incubated with blocking solution (3% H2O2 in methanol, Merck, Germany) for 10 minutes, then were washed with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, Merck, Germany). The specimens were incubated with TUNEL reaction mixture (TdT and nucleotide mixtures in reaction buffer) at 37˚C for 60 minutes. Finally the slides were stained with converter-POD (antifluorescein antibody, Fab fragment from sheep, conjugated with horse-radish peroxidase-POD) for 30 minutes.

The 3, 3΄- Diaminobenzidine (DAB) substrate (Roche, Germany) was applied for color development. TUNEL positive cells exhibited a brown nuclear stain. In each group, the number of stained cells was counted in 100 seminiferous tubules. The number of stained germ cells was counted. Apoptotic index-1 (AI-1) was defined as the number of apoptotic TUNEL-positive cells per 100 tubules and apoptotic index-2 (AI-2) as the number of tubules containing apoptotic cells per 100 tubules. All of measurements were performed by an expert technician who was blinded to the experiment procedure.

Caspase-3 activity assay

Briefly, lysis buffer at pH=7.5, including 10 mM Tris-HCL, 10 mM NaH2PO4/NaHPO4, 130 mM NaCl, 1% Triton-X100 and 10 mM NaPPi, all materials were purchased from Merck products-Germany that were added to the testes tissue samples and lysates were incubated at 4˚C for 20 minutes. The lysates were centrifuged at 14000 rpm and stored in liquid nitrogen for further analysis. Next 100 ml proteins from lysates were incubated with Ac-DEVD-pNA in a 96-well plate at 37˚C for 1 hour, and colorimetric substrate (DEVD-AFC, Biomol, Plymouth Meeting, PA, USA) was preferentially cleaved by caspase- 3. The amounts of 7-amino-4-methyl-coumarin (AMC) were monitored 1 hour with a plate reader (Anthos2020, USA) and absorption was measured, normalized to the absorbance of time zero and expressed as percent of control.

The data were expressed as mean ± standard errors of the mean (SEM). The variables were analyzed by one-way ANOVA. When a significance found, Tukey post hoc tests were performed. All analyses were performed using the SPSS (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) version 16. The statistical significance level was set at P≤0.05.


Table 1 shows two months exposure of animals to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation in the designed exposure apparatus (Fig.1), indicating no significant changes in the body weight of both 1- and 7-hour groups.


Represents a schematic picture of designed apparatus as the exposure system. Box dimension was 180 cm×80 cm×70 cm. Two Wi-Fi antennas (NanoStation Loco M2, 2.45 GHz, 8.5 dBi, Ubiquiti Networks, Inc. USA) were placed at the center of two

Despite right and left seminal vesicles, 1 hour and 7 hours chronic exposure caused no significant changes in the relative weight of testicles or other accessory sex organs. The relative weight of both right and left seminal vesicles reduced significantly (P≤0.001) following two months chronic exposure of animals to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation either for 1 hour per day or 7 hours per day (Table 1).

Table 1

The effect of chronic exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation on the weights of testis, epididymis, prostate and seminal vesicle in mature male rats

We examined the proportion of the different sperm motility grades as shown in figure 2. Two months exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation caused significant changes on the sperm motility parameters (Fig.2). Although the percentage of progressive sperm showed no significant differences in the experimental groups, the percentages of total motility parameters, considered as the percentage of progressive and motile sperm, reduced significantly in both 1- and 7-hour groups. Therefore, our findings showed a significant reduction in the percentage of motile sperm in 1-hour (27.75 ± 1.27 vs. 44.89 ± 0.81, P≤0.001) and 7-hour (31.87 ± 1.58 vs. 44.89 ± 0.81, P≤0.001) groups as compared to control group.


The effect of chronic exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation on total percentage of progressively motile sperm. Values are expressed as mean ± standard errors of the mean (SEM). *; P value≤ 0.001.

Table 2 shows that chronic exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiations showed a clear negative impact on the concentration parameters. Sperm samples from both 1-hour (P≤0.001) and 7-hour groups (P≤0.05) exhibited a significant lower concentration as compared to the control group. In parallel with the sperm count reduction, the proportion of normal to abnormal sperm showed a similar reduction in the both 1- and 7-hour groups.

Table 2

The effect of chronic exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiations on the concentration parameters

Table 3 shows that the 1-hour group exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiations demonstrated a normal architecture of the seminiferous tubules and interstitial tissue. The germinal epithelium of testis was intact with an average thickness of about five cell layers. On the contrary, 7-hour group exposed to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiations caused a significant decrease in both the number of germ cell layers (P≤0.01) and the mean testicular score (P≤0.001). Quantitative and descriptive analysis of TUNEL stained slides in figure 3A and B respectively, show that in parallel with the significant reduction in both the number of germ cell layers and the Johnson’s criteria of the 7-hour group, evaluation of apoptotic indexes showed a significant increase in the either the number of apoptotic cells (P≤0.001) or positive tubules per 100 tubules (P≤0.001) in the same group. As it is shown in the figure 4, the increased level of caspase-3 can be a good explanation for testicular apoptosis occurring in the testis of 7-hour animals. Interestingly, lack of significant differences in the number of germ cell layers and the mean testicular score of 1-hour group was accompanied with lack of significant criteria in apoptotic indexes and the caspase-3 concentration. However, two experimental groups showed a significant differences in apoptotic indexes, caspase 3 activity and Johnson’s criteria.


A. The effect of chronic exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation on the apoptotic indexes as either number of apoptotic terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) enzyme mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells per 100 tubules (AI-1) or

The effect of chronic exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation on the concentration of caspase-3. Values are expressed as mean ± standard errors of the mean (SEM). *; P≤0.001.
Table 3

The Effects of chronic exposure to the 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiations on apoptosis of spermatogenesis


Decline in male fertility, as one of parameters in this study, is considered as a major concern during the past several decades. It has been suggested that direct or indirect exposure to RF-EMW as the main environmental factor plays a dominant role in the observed decline (28). The 2400-2500 GHz radio frequency emitting from Wi-Fi-enabled devices has a long exposure time over a very wide area (2, 19, 21). Hence, this transmitted energy can be absorbed by human body (8, 29).

No deleterious effects of 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi exposure on the body weight and reproductive organ weights were observed in the either 1- or 7-hour groups; however, exposure effect on the seminal vesicle weights was observed. This present result is in line with previous reported animal experiment that demonstrated no adverse effects of 2.45 GHz radio-frequency exposure on the body weight (14) as well as testis and prostate weights (15, 19). Interestingly, 1 hour and 7 hours exposure caused a decline in seminal vesicles weight in comparison to related value of the control group. Although there is no previous report indicating the deleterious effect of 2.45 GHz radiation on seminal vesicles, khaki et al. (30) showed that 50 Hz non-ionizing radiation during two months caused a decrease in seminal vesicles weight. It is noted that epithelial cell proliferation in the seminal vesicles is testosterone-dependent (31). It has been shown that RF-EMF exposure probably reduces the serum testosterone in experimental animals (32, 33).

Alternatively, deficiency in blood testosterone can alter epithelial proliferation in the seminal vesicles. Specifically, Kumar et al. (11) showed that long-term exposure of 2.45 GHz radiation from microwave source can reduce the level of serum testosterone in rats. Consequently, we speculated that the reduced seminal vesicle weight following 2.45 GHz exposure is likely to be related to the reduction of serum testosterone in rats.

Some evidences have indicated that sperm abnormalities are frequent following exposure to RF-EMW (34,35). We found that sperm concentration, motility and morphology were affected significantly by exposure to the 2.45 GHz RFR from a Wi-Fi antenna. The observed effects were dependent on the longevity of exposure per day. Recent in vitro pilot studies on the effect of exposure of the 2.45 GHz RFR on human ejaculated semen found changes in the motility and DNA fragmentation of exposed sperm (12, 13). Kim et al. (20) found no significant reduction in the epididymal sperm count after exposure of rats to the 2.45 GHz EMF [a designed magnetron (Samsungelectronics, Korea) operating at 2.45 GHz by Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea] for 1 hour or 2 hours per day during 8 weeks. Moreover, they reported no abnormal morphology in the exposed groups.

It was also shown that microwave radiation decreases the sperm count (20). A plausible explanation for the impaired sperm motility could be induced oxidative stress by RF-EMW from Wi-Fi devices (12). Oxidation of phospholipids, as a major component in the sperm mitochondrial sheath (36), can disturb mitochondrial membrane potential which causes high levels of ROS to be released into the cytoplasm, leading to deplete the energy supply and to affect both sperm motility and kinetics (37, 38). Peroxidation of unesterified polyunsaturated fatty acids in the cell membrane of spermatozoa can lead to cell death as well (39). However, an in vitro pilot study by Oni et al. (13) showed that 1 hour exposure of 2.45 RFR from a laptop antenna (a 2.4 GHz picostation by Ubiquity Networks, USA) had no effects on sperm concentration and sperm head, whereas tail and middle piece defect were evitable following exposure to the RFR. The negative effect of chronic RF exposure from cell phones on the count and the quality of sperm was also reported in the previous researches (40, 41). Interestingly, the negative correlation between both abnormal structure and decreased motility of sperm with the longevity of exposure to the RFR from mobile phones was showed by Wdowiak et al. (42). It is believed that EMF, especially extremely low frequency, induces free radical production that is responsible for sperm deformities (43). Although, the mechanism of cascade is unknown, it has been recently demonstrated that depletion in the activity of both histone kinase and protein kinase may serve as a measure of microwave EMF’s ability to affect spermatogenesis and cell cycle in sperm (8).

In the testis tissue of the animals exposed to 7 hours of 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation for 60 days, the number of germinal cell layers (5.25 ± 0.05 vs. 5.58 ± 0.08, P≤0.01) and Johnson’s score (8.75 ± 0.06 vs. 9.48 ± 0.14, P≤0.001) showed a significant reduction as compared to control group. In parallel, the profound DNA damage in 7-hour group was accompanied with an increase in the activity of caspase-3. In accordance with these findings, several authors focused mainly on the destructive effects of RFR on the germinal cell layers of male reproductive organ (11, 14, 15, 1920, 32, 34, 41). It is shown that 2.45 GHz microwave radiation decreases the diameters of seminiferous tubule (41, 44). Saygin et al. (7) showed changes in histopathology and apoptosis status of rat testis under exposure to 2.45-GHz EMF, at 3.21 W/kg specific absorption rate for 60 minutes/day for 28 days.

On the other hand, Poulletier de Gannes et al. (14) found no microscopic lesions in the testes of male Wistar rats by exposing animals to the 2450 MHz Wi-Fi signal (1 hour/day, 6 days/week, 0.08 and 4 specific absorption rate). Moreover, Kim et al. (20) showed that both the measured diameter of seminiferous tubule and average Johnson’s score of testicular biopsy did not change significantly by exposure to the 2.45 GHz EMF (1 hour or 2 hours per day/8 weeks, 1.41W/Kg and 60.1 mV/m electric field intensity. Although they observed no significant difference in the number of spermatids, a significant difference was seen in the number of spermatocytes between the control and exposed group. Atasoy et al. (15) applied standard wireless gateways (2.437 GHz, 24 hours a day for 20 weeks) and their results showed that median values of testicular biopsy score, using Johnson’s scale, were significantly lower in the exposed than the control group. They attributed the occurrence of DNA damage to the decreased levels of catalase and glutathione peroxidase activity as a consequence of 2.45 GHz RF that led to induce oxidative stress. Apoptosis is induced by ROS through cytochrome C and caspases-3 and -9 which in turn leads to a high rate of single and double DNA strand break (45). Actually, caspase-3 is a key mediator of apoptosis (46).

It is showed that 2.45-GHz microwave exposure (2 hours per day/ 2 months) increases caspase and creatine kinase activities and decreases melatonin level in the testes of exposed rats (11). The role of 2.45-GHz EMF in inducing oxidative stress by enhancing the lipid peroxidation, free radical formation and modifying antioxidant systems has been approved previously (19, 47, 48). Interestingly, the 2.45 GHz induced oxidative stress was attributed to the reduced levels of testosterone and non-enzymatic antioxidants such as vitamin A and E (19, 32).


High frequency, specifically 2.45 GHz Wi-Fi radiation, induces a decrease in sperm parameters along with an increase in apoptosis-positive cells and caspase-3 activity in the seminiferous tubules of Wistar rats, specially in 7-hour group. It reduced seminal vesicle weight following 2.45 GHz exposure. Considering the progressive privilege of 2.45 GHz wireless networks in our environment, we concluded that there should be a major concern about the time-dependent exposure of our body to the higher frequencies of Wi-Fi antenna.


This project was financially supported by a grant from the Vice Chancellor of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences and Science and Research Branch of Islamic Azad University of Tehran. The authors indicate no potential conflict of interest.


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Evaluation of the Protective Role of Vitamin C on the Metabolic and Enzymatic Activities of the Liver in the Male Rats After Exposure to 2.45 GHz Of Wi-Fi Routers

[L’esposizione al Wi-Fi in condizioni sperimentali (ratti) genera alterazioni degli enzimi epatici.
La cosa non si verifica con l’assunzione di vitamina C.

eISSN: 2251-7200        JBPE NLM ID: 101589641

F Shekoohi-Shooli, S M J Mortazavi, M B Shojaei-fard, S Nematollahi, M Tayebi


Article history
Released in November 2015


Background: Today, the use of devices emitted microwave radiation such as mobile phones, Wi-Fi routers, etc. is increased rapidly. It has caused a great concern about the health effects of EMFs. Therefore should attempt to fully understand different aspects of the health effects of EMF exposure.In this study evaluate the protective role of Vitamin C on the metabolic and enzymatic activities of the liver in the male rats after exposure to 2.45 GHz of Wi-Fi routers.
Material and Methods: In this study, 70 male Wistar rats weighing 200 to 250 g were randomly divided into 7 groups (10 rats in each group). Group A received vitamin C (250mg kg-1 day orally) and8- hour Wi-Fi exposure only for one day. Group B were treated as group A, but they didn’t receive vitamin C. Group C, received only vitamin C for one day. Control group or group D was neither exposed to radiation of Wi-Fi router nor did received vitamin C. Group E receive just vitamin C for 5 days. Group F was only exposed to Wi-Fi radiation for 8 hours / day for 5 days .Finally, group G received vitamin C and was exposed to Wi-Fi radiation for 8 hours / day for 5 days. The Wi-Fi modem was placed at the distance of 20 cm away from animals restrainers. Finally, blood sampling was performed and the level hepatic enzymes including ALP, ALT, ASL, GGT and the concentration of Blood Glucose, Cholesterol and TG, HDL-c, LDL-c, were measured in all groups.
Results: The results showed that, Wi-Fi exposure  together with  vitamin C during 1 day can lead to significant differences on the blood Glucose , TG and GGT factors in groups (A,D) (p=0.01), Wi-Fi exposure and during  a day can  cause significant differences on GLU and TG levels  in groups ( B,D) and  the amount of HDL in groups (A, B) was also significant(P=0.03) . In addition, we demonstrated that Wi-Fi exposure during 5 day can cause significant differences on the level of BG, TG, Chol and also the amount of HDL in groups (D, F) (p=0.0001).
Conclusion: Wi-Fi exposure can cause  changes in activity level of hepatic enzymes, but the use of vitamin C protects them from these changes.



Una joven se quita la vida debido a las alergias que le producían las ondas del WiFi de su instituto

La exposición de las ondas provocaron a Jenny Fry, una joven de 15 años, cansancio, dolor de cabeza y problemas de vejiga


2 diciembre 2015 – “www.elnortedecastilla.es”

Jenny Fry tomó una cruel decisión. Se quitó la vida porque ya no soportaba más las reacciones alérgicas que le estaban provocando las ondas del WiFi de su centro escolar. El cuerpo sin vida de esta joven de 15 años fue encontrado ahorcado en una zona boscosa próxima a su casa, en la localidad de Chadlington, en Reino Unido.

Jenny, que estudiaba en la escuela Chipping Norton, de Oxfordshire, padecía el síndrome de hipersensibilidad electromagnética. Ante tal patología, los padres advirtieron al centro de que la exposición de su hija a las ondas le provocaba cansancio, dolor de cabeza y problema de vejiga, según confirma el ‘Daily Mail’.

Debra, la madre de la joven, aseguraba que cada vez que su hija ponía pie en el centro era un tormento. De ahí que buscara zonas donde podía estar totalmente tranquila lejos de las ondas del WiFi. A pesar de estos problemas, los padres han reconocido que no habían sometido a Jenny a un examen médico que determinara el porqué de la dolencia.

Jenny, antes de quitarse la vida, envió diferentes mensajes a amigos suyos que no pudieron evitar su muerte.



Elettrosmog, tribunale francese sancisce l’invalidità civile

«E’ fisiologico che interessi economici, l’inerzia del mondo accademico e i tanti passaggi burocratici ostacolino il fluire delle conoscenze scientifiche, anche quando ne va della salute pubblica. I nostri risultati su benzene, formaldeide e stirene, ad esempio sono stati recepiti dopo oltre 20 anni dalla pubblicazione dei dati. Tutti ostacoli che sono sempre esistiti, che vanno combattuti giornalmente, ma che non ci hanno mai fermato».
Come quando, nel 2011, la dottoressa, in qualità di esperta di Mtbe, un additivo cancerogeno della benzina verde, mise a tacere gli avvocati della Exxon Mobil Corporation, in seguito condannata a risarcire 160 famiglie di Jacksonville (Maryland, USA) con la cifra di 1,5 miliardi di dollari per aver inquinato dolosamente le falde acquifere di un quartiere residenziale attraverso una falla nella cisterna di un distributore di benzina.]

23 novembre, 2015 – “www.pressenza.com”, di Massimo Nardi


Storica sentenza a Tolosa: il giudice ha riconosciuto una pensione di invalidità per “ipersensibilità elettromagnetica” ad una donna di 39 anni, che percepirà, per i prossimi tre anni, 800 euro al mese. Degli effetti dei campi elettromagnetici sull’uomo ne abbiamo parlato con la Dottoressa Fiorella Belpoggi, Direttore del Centro di Ricerca sul Cancro “Cesare Maltoni” dell’Istituto Ramazzini di Bologna.

Il Tribunale di Tolosa ha riconosciuto una pensione di invalidità per “ipersensibilità elettromagnetica” ad una donna di 39 anni. E’ il primo caso giuridico in materia e rappresenterà indubbiamente un precedente da qui in avanti. Marine Richard, questo il nome della donna, si è vista riconoscere dal giudice un deficit funzionale dell’85% e un indennizzo di 800 euro al mese per tre anni, eventualmente rinnovabile. Lei, ex documentarista e drammaturga, ha dovuto abbandonare la società per rifugiarsi in una casa sui Pirenei, vivendo così isolata, lontano dal wi-fi e da tutti i campi elettromagnetici, causa primaria dei suoi continui mal di testa, formicolii, insonnia.
La nuova casa rappresenta una vera e propria “zona bianca”, un luogo vergine o quasi, esposto a limitati livelli elettromagnetici. Ricordiamo che numerose pubblicazioni scientifiche recenti hanno dimostrato che i campi elettromagnetici non ionizzanti (EMF) influiscono sugli organismi viventi a livelli ben inferiori a molte linee guida sia nazionali che internazionali. Gli EMF includono le apparecchiature che emettono radiazione a radiofrequenza (RFR), quali i cellulari, i telefoni cordless e le loro stazioni base, il wi-fi, le antenne di trasmissione, gli smart-meter e i monitor per neonati, oltre alle apparecchiature elettriche e alle infrastrutture utilizzate nel trasporto e consegna di elettricità che generano un campo elettromagnetico a frequenza estremamente bassa (ELF EMF).
Il caso Richard ci riporta all’Appello di 190 scienziati all’ONU, in cui si chiedeva, tra le altre cose, la creazione di zone bianche nella nostra società. Tra i firmatari c’è anche la Dottoressa Fiorella Belpoggi, Direttore Centro di Ricerca sul Cancro Cesare Maltoni dell’Istituto Ramazzini di Bologna, con cui abbiamo approfondito l’argomento.

Dottoressa Belpoggi, quali sono gli effetti dell’esposizione ai campi elettromagnetici non ionizzanti (EMF) sull’uomo?
«Gli effetti sono tanti e sono stati pubblicati oltre 21.000 articoli sull’argomento. Noi al Centro di Ricerca sul Cancro Cesare Maltoni dell’Istituto Ramazzini ci siamo occupati degli effetti cancerogeni dei campi elettromagnetici a diverse frequenze, da soli o in associazione con altri cancerogeni quali radiazioni ionizzanti e formaldeide. L’Agenzia Internazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro (IARC) ha classificato I campi magnetici a bassa frequenza e a radiofrequenza come possibile cancerogeno umano (Gruppo 2B), di cui fanno parte 288 agenti».

E sugli animali? In particolare gli esperimenti fatti sui ratti dimostrano risultati inquietanti.
«Sono stati fatti molti studi, ma molti sono risultati limitati nel design sperimentale e nella loro predittività per l’uomo. L’Istituto Ramazzini ha deciso di effettuare un mega-esperimento sui campi elettromagnetici che fosse dirimente, sia per i cittadini che per le agenzie regolatorie, circa la cancerogenicità dei campi magnetici a bassa frequenza (50 Hz) e delle radiofrequenze (1,8 GHz), da sole o in associazione ad altri cancerogeni chimici o fisici. I primi dati che abbiamo pubblicato mostrano un aumento statisticamente significativo di tumori mammari dovuto all’associazione tra campi elettromagnetici e radiazioni a bassissime dosi (10 rad).

Nonostante la pubblicazione di molti dossier che dimostrano effetti negativi, dati alla mano, la comunità scientifica è ancora molto divisa. Perché secondo lei? Dobbiamo pensare che molti scienziati sono sul libro paga di governi e industrie?
«E’ fisiologico che interessi economici, l’inerzia del mondo accademico e i tanti passaggi burocratici ostacolino il fluire delle conoscenze scientifiche, anche quando ne va della salute pubblica. I nostri risultati su benzene, formaldeide e stirene, ad esempio sono stati recepiti dopo oltre 20 anni dalla pubblicazione dei dati. Tutti ostacoli che sono sempre esistiti, che vanno combattuti giornalmente, ma che non ci hanno mai fermato».
Come quando, nel 2011, la dottoressa, in qualità di esperta di Mtbe, un additivo cancerogeno della benzina verde, mise a tacere gli avvocati della Exxon Mobil Corporation, in seguito condannata a risarcire 160 famiglie di Jacksonville (Maryland, USA) con la cifra di 1,5 miliardi di dollari per aver inquinato dolosamente le falde acquifere di un quartiere residenziale attraverso una falla nella cisterna di un distributore di benzina.

In passato abbiamo parlato del libro di Martin Blank, “Overpowered: What science tells us about the dangers of cell phones and other wifi-age devices”, in cui l’autore analizza ed espone gli studi che correlano i cellulari e le alterazioni biologiche negli esseri viventi. E’ una tesi plausibile?
«Martin Blank, come Lennart Hardell, David Gee e tanti altri membri del Collegium Ramazzini (unaccademia indipendente con 180 membri da tutti il mondo) sono stati tra i primi ad evidenziare i rischi correlati ai campi magnetici. A partire dal Prof. Cesare Maltoni, che già 20 anni fa ne cominciò a denunciare i rischi».

Nell’appello all’Onu, in cui lei è anche firmataria, 190 scienziati chiedono l’abbassamento dei limiti quantitativi all’esposizione. In Italia, per esempio, la regolamentazione è stabilita dal Decreto Ministeriale n.381 del 10 settembre 1998, e dalla Legge quadro sulla protezione dalle esposizioni a campi elettrici, magnetici ed elettromagnetici”, datata 22 febbraio 2001. Ma, nella maggior parte dei casi, sono leggi disattese e mancano i controlli. Perchè? Politica assente?
«La lassità dei controlli nel nostro Paese non è certo un problema ascrivibile al solo ambito ambientale, ma parlando solo dei cattivi esempi si finisce per dimenticare e non valorizzare adeguatamente chi il proprio lavoro lo fa e bene. E nel nostro paese sono tanti».

Un punto su cui gli scienziati fanno leva è l’impegno da parte dei cittadini, sia come controllori sia come soggetti comportamentali. Cosa ne pensa? E’ l’unico modo che hanno per difendersi?
«La solidarietà tra uomini e donne consapevoli, siano essi cittadini, scienziati o politici, è la miglior difesa».

Lista agenti patogeni IARC

Risultato studio sui ratti



Mother claims wifi allergy killed her daughter and accuses school of failing to safeguard children

[==English version below==

Continua la copertura mediatica della triste vicenda di Jenny Fry, una ragazzina di 15 anni che si è tolta la vita a causa della estrema sofferenza provocatale dalla Elettrosensibilità, e questo ci porta a fare una serie di considerazioni.

La Elettrosensibilità, soprattutto nelle sue forme più gravi, è una malattia terribile che allo stato attuale non viene riconosciuta come tale e conseguentemente i malati non ricevono alcuna forma di assistenza ed aiuto.
A questo si aggiunge l’ignoranza dei più, che non si fanno scrupolo di arrecare danni ai malati con i loro comportamenti scriteriati.

E così succede che i vicini di casa lascino i loro router accesi 24 ore su 24 irradiando, oltre che il proprio appartamento, anche quelli attigui; o che in una scuola non vengano prese precauzioni per consentire ad un allievo Elettrosensibile di poter continuare a frequentare le lezioni.

Ma una cosa che sfugge a tantissima (troppa) gente, è che tutto questo non riguarda solo gli Elettrosensibili.
Le emissioni Wireless, costituite da microonde, danneggiano l’organismo anche di chi non è in grado di percepirne gli effetti dannosi.

E allora, a voler esaminare bene la questione, si configurano diversi tipi di reato quando qualcuno (vedi i casi di cui sopra del vicino di casa e della scuola – ma gli esempi potrebbero essere ben più numerosi) espone qualcun altro a ciò che l’OMS (tramite la IARC, Agenzia Internazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro) ha dichiarato essere un possibile cancerogeno per l’uomo (per la verità attualmente pure sottostimato nei suoi effetti dannosi).
Getto pericoloso di cose e lesioni personali con l’aggravante della reiterazione sono i primi che vengono alla mente.
Poi, nel caso degli Elettrosensibili, si configura pure il disturbo delle occupazioni o del riposo delle persone (Art. 659 c.p.).

Ma in questo strano mondo non sono i disturbatori ad essere allontanati o puniti, bensì gli Elettrosensibili a dover abbandonare le proprie abitazioni per smettere di stare male.

Voi direte, ad esempio nel caso dei vicini, “ma loro hanno il diritto di poter usare quegli strumenti”. Liberissimi di farlo, purché non invadano le altrui abitazioni!
Quando quelle emissioni varcano i muri perimetrali ed invadono massicciamente le abitazioni intorno, allora le cose non vanno più bene!

Si dice che la libertà di un individuo finisca dove inizia quella di un altro, ma in materia di Campi Elettromagnetici pare che si possa essere dei banditi e la prevaricazione regni sovrana.

Non sarebbe il momento di iniziare a regolamentare tutto questo?

Tornando alla Elettrosensibilità, non è in realtà solo una allergia, bensì una sindrome immuno-tossica che compromette diverse funzioni dell’organismo, portando nei casi gravi a livelli estremi di compromissione fisica.
Per rendere l’idea, immaginatevi di essere celiaci e di essere costretti ad ingoiare ogni giorno ingenti quantità di glutine.

Pensate che sareste in grado di sopravvivere a lungo?

E proprio questo si chiede agli Elettrosensibili: di esporsi ogni giorno a ciò che per loro è veleno.

Ma siccome a nessuno piace l’idea di soffrire ed infine morire, i malati di Elettrosensibilità sono costretti a rinunciare a tutte le loro attività, riducendosi spesso a vivere nell’isolamento più totale.

Senza un lavoro non si campa e comunque non è bello essere di peso ai propri familiari (sempre che li sia abbia!) nonché rinunciare a tutto ciò che la vita offre, così capita che qualcuno non regga al peso delle condizioni di vita cui è costretto e faccia la fine di Jenny Fry.

E’ accettabile che ciò avvenga, tra l’altro a causa di qualcosa che sta danneggiando la salute DI TUTTI?

La Elettrosensibilità è certamente una malattia scomoda e c’è tutto l’interesse a fare in modo che non venga riconosciuta.

Ammettere la sua esistenza significherebbe ammettere che i Campi Elettromagnetici in Alta Frequenza sono in grado di arrecare danni all’organismo e questo causerebbe un danno economico enorme a chi fa business con la tecnologia Wireless.

Ed è così che queste persone, grazie alle loro enormi possibilità economiche, fanno di tutto per frenare la presa di coscienza della popolazione riguardo ai rischi derivanti dall’uso estremo ed irragionevole di ogni sorta di gadget Wireless.

..E intanto c’è gente che continua ad ammalarsi, soffrire ed anche morire come Jenny Fry (quando non muore di cancro al cervello, leucemia o linfoma, ovviamente), mentre altra arricchisce i propri conti in banca.

Riposa in pace, Jenny Fry, sei nei nostri cuori.

[EN] – Thanks to Dave Ashton of the Facebook page “UK Electrosensitives” for his precious help.

The media coverage of the sad story of Jenny Fry, a 15 year old girl who took her own life because of the extreme suffering caused by EHS, is ongoing, and there are some important issues raised by this case.

EHS, especially in its most severe form, is a terrible disease that is generally not recognized as such, and consequently those who are affected do not get any form of assistance and help.
In addition to this, there is the ignorance of many people, who have no qualms about damaging EHS people with their obnoxious behavior.

As a result, neighbours leave their radiating Wi-Fi routers switched on 24/7, affecting not only their own homes, but also their neighbours’ homes; and in schools, no precautions are taken to allow Electrosensitive students to go on attending classes.

But a lot of people (too many) are missing the fact that this ever-present radiation doesn’t just affect EHS people.
Wireless emissions , consisting of radio and microwaves, also damage the bodies of those who are not able to perceive the damaging effects.

On examination, a crime is committed when someone (see the cases mentioned above about the neighbor and the school – but there are many other examples) exposes another person to what the the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC – part of WHO) has classified as a possible carcinogen to humans, though a number of scientists say that this classification actually underestimates the harmful effects.
The discharge of a dangerous toxin, and the personal injury aggravated by repeated exposure, come to mind.
Also, in the case of EHS people, the crime of disturbing their occupation or the rest of the people arises (Art. 659 of the penal Code: according to the Italian law).

But, in this weird world, it’s not the troublemakers who are held accountable and punished, but the EHS people, who sometimes have to flee from their homes in order to protect themselves.

You might say, regarding the neighbours, “but they have the right to use these technologies.” Yes, they are free to do so, as long as their radiation does not invade other people’s homes!
When these emissions cross the perimeter walls and penetrate the nearby homes, then things are very wrong!

It’s said that one person’s freedom ends where another’s begins, but it seems that in the matter of electromagnetic radiation, it is possible to be a criminal with impunity, and prevarication reigns supreme.

Isn’t it time to start regulating all of this?

Returning to EHS, it’s not just an allergy, but is an immuno-toxic syndrome compromising several body functions, and leading, in the most severe cases, to extreme levels of physical impairment.

As an example, imagine being celiac and being forced to swallow huge amounts of gluten every day.

Do you think you would be able to survive for long?

And this is what is asked of EHS people: to expose themselves every day to what is poisonous to them.

But since no one likes the idea of suffering and in the end dying, EHS sufferers are forced to give up all their activities, often being also forced to live in the most total social isolation.

It’s not possible to go on living without a job, and it is not nice being a burden to the family (if there is one!), or renouncing to what life has to offer, so some who cannot bear the weight of living in such a state end up the way Jenny Fry did.

Can we accept this happening, because of something that is damaging the health of EVERYONE?

EHS is certainly an inconvenient disease, and there are many interests ranged against it to prevent it from being recognised as real.

Admitting its existence would mean admitting that High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields can harm the body, and this would cause huge economic damage to those whose business is linked to wireless technology.

And so these people, thanks to their huge potential for profit, do anything they can to curb the awareness of the population about the risks related to the extreme and unreasonable use of any sorts of wireless gadgets.

… And in the meantime there are people who continue to fall ill, suffer and die as Jenny Fry did – if they don’t die of brain cancer, leukemia or lymphoma, of course – while the people who are linked to wireless technologies enrich their bank accounts.

Rest in peace, Jenny Fry, you’re in our hearts.]

Jenny Fry, 15, was found in woodland near her home in Chadlington

30 November, 2015 – “The Telegraph” (UK), by Lucy Clarke-Billings

Jenny Fry had been suffering from the rare condition electro-hypersensitivity (EHS)

The inquest heard Jenny Fry had been suffering from the rare condition electro-hypersensitivity (EHS) Photo: © Facebook/Newsteam


A mother claims a Wi-Fi allergy killed her daughter and is accusing an Oxfordshire school of failing to safeguard children against the physical effects of wireless technology, an inquest has heard.

Jenny Fry, 15, was found in woodland near her home in Chadlington, on June 11 this year after texting a friend telling her she would not be going to school and intended to kill herself.

An inquest heard the teenager was intelligent and organised but that her life had been made a misery due to the prolonged effects of a condition known as electro-hypersensitivity (EHS).

Jenny’s mother, Debra Fry, said her daughter suffered with tiredness, headaches and bladder problems as a direct result of wireless internet connections at Chipping Norton School.

"Wi-Fi and children do not mix. Much more research needs to be done into this because I believe that Wi-Fi killed my daughter,"
Mrs Fry, Jenny's mother

Mrs Fry told Oxfordshire Coroners’ Court that Jenny had started showing signs of EHS in November 2012 and that the closer she was to a wireless router, the worse she felt.

“Jenny was getting ill and so was I” said Mrs Fry. “I did some research and found how dangerous Wi-Fi could be so I had it taken out of the house.

“Both Jenny and I were fine at home but Jenny continued to be ill at school in certain areas.

Jenny Fry had been suffering from the rare condition electro-hypersensitivity (EHS)Jenny Fry  Photo: © Facebook/Newsteam

“She was receiving lots of detentions, not for being disruptive in class or misbehaving, but often because she used to take herself out of the classroom to find another where she was able to work. She took her schoolwork seriously.

“I took lots of information into school to show the headteacher, Simon Duffy, but he said there was equally the same information available claiming Wi-Fi was safe.

“I also had a heated exchange with teachers telling them Jenny was allergic to Wi-Fi and that it made no sense making her take detentions in rooms that were making her ill.”

The World Health Organisation does not characterise EHS as a medical diagnosis but does recognise the symptoms.

Grandmother spends £4,000 WiFi-proofing home

In a 2005 report, WHO concluded: “EHS is characterized by a variety of non-specific symptoms that differ from individual to individual. The symptoms are certainly real and can vary widely in their severity.

“Whatever its cause, EHS can be a disabling problem for the affected individual. EHS has no clear diagnostic criteria and there is no scientific basis to link EHS symptoms to EMF exposure.

“Further, EHS is not a medical diagnosis, nor is it clear that it represents a single medical problem.”

"I remember saying to the school 'if someone had a peanut allergy you wouldn't make them work surrounded by peanuts',"
Mrs Fry, Jenny's mother

The inquest also heard Jenny previously spoke of suicidal thoughts in November 2014 following the death of close friend Tom Boomer.

The family is now campaigning to raise awareness of EHS and how wireless technology can affect health. They hope to get the use of wireless technology in schools changed.

Mrs Fry said: “Jenny died after making a cry for help. She texted her friend saying she was intending to die but told her where she was.

“If she had intended to kill herself she wouldn’t have said where she was. Unfortunately the friend did not have her phone with her so never saw the message in time.

“Jenny left letters for us where she said she couldn’t cope with her allergies from wifi anymore.

“She left them for us in case things went too far but I don’t believe she wanted to die.

“She wanted to do well at school and go to university but she knew Wi-Fi was having a bad effect on her studies.

“It got to the stage where she would hide herself away in unused classrooms in the school to work just so she could escape the Wi-Fi.

“In the classroom she had a seating plan but if she was near where the router was she would suffer headaches and feel very hot and bothered.

“As soon as Jenny walked away from a router she felt instantly better so she was almost hunting out areas of the school which weren’t covered by Wi-Fi just to do her work.

“I remember saying to the school ‘if someone had a peanut allergy you wouldn’t make them work surrounded by peanuts’.

“Just because Wi-Fi is new and all around us doesn’t mean it is safe. Wi-Fi and children do not mix. Much more research needs to be done into this because I believe that Wi-Fi killed my daughter.”

Simon Duffy, headteacher of Chipping Norton School, said: “The safety of our students whilst they are in school is paramount and Jenny’s safety at school was just as important as anyone else’s.

“Just like many other public spaces, Chipping Norton School does have Wi-Fi installed to enable use to operate effectively.

“The governors are content that the installed equipment complies with the relevant regulations and will ensure this continues to be the case.”

Oxfordshire coroner Darren Salter recorded a narrative verdict but did not include the factors relating to EHS as he said there were no medical notes to prove Jenny did suffer from it.

Is EHS real?

‘Radiowave sickness’ was first named and described in 1932, with most of the early cases being discovered in military personnel.

In 2011, an American woman told of how she was forced to abandon her family farm in the state of Iowa and moved to Green Bank, West Virginia – a tiny village of 143 residents in the heart of the Allegheny Mountains.

Green Bank is part of the US Radio Quiet Zone, where wireless is banned across 13,000 sq miles (33,000 sq km) to prevent transmissions interfering with a number of radio telescopes in the area.

Diane Schou said the community enables her to escape symptoms such as red, itching skin, blurred vision and headaches.

However the condition is yet to be identified by official health bodies as a medical diagnosis. At present, there are no accepted research criteria other than ‘self-reported symptoms’, and for clinicians there is no case definition or clinical practice guideline.

Dr Jill Meara, Director of Public Health England’s (PHE) Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, said: “Public Health England is aware that some people report that they have symptoms that are brought on or made worse by exposure to electro-magnetic fields (EMF), so-called electrical sensitivity.

“The overall scientific evidence does not support the suggestion that such exposure causes acute symptoms or that some people are able to detect radiofrequency fields. Nevertheless effective treatments need to be found for these symptoms.”

However in August this year, a French court ruled that electromagnetic hypersensitivity to mobile and wifi waves is a “serious handicap”, setting a legal precedent that lawyers say could lead to “thousands” of claims.

Although France does not recognise EHS as a medical problem, a court in Toulouse decided that claimant Marine Richard should be awarded £500 a month in disability allowance as she displayed “irrefutable clinical signs” of suffering from a syndrome linked to electromagnetic waves.

French courts had previously refused pay disability benefits to people who suffer from electromagnetic sensitivity, so after winning the case, Ms Richard said that her win was a ‘breakthrough’.



Parents of schoolgirl Jenny Fry are campaigning to have WiFi restricted in schools following her death

[Quanti altri ancora dovranno arrivare ad uccidersi pur di porre fine alle proprie sofferenze, prima che si prendano seri provvedimenti atti non solo a tutelare chi soffre di Elettrosensibilità (e dunque ha la vita distrutta dalla malattia), ma anche chi ancora non si è ammalato?
Perché dobbiamo ricordarci che la tecnologia Wireless è un possibile cancerogeno per l’uomo, in aggiunta in grado di causare un notevole stress ossidativo in praticamente tutti i soggetti esposti, cosa che provoca un invecchiamento accelerato.

Article shared on the Facebook page “UK Electrosensitives”/ Articolo condiviso sulla pagina Facebook “UK Electrosensitives”.]

25 November, 2015 – “Cotswold Journal (UK)”, by Vivien Mason

jenny camera.jpg-pwrt3
The parents of a 15-year-old schoolgirl who hanged herself in woods near her home in June this year say her school could have done more to listen to her cries for help.

Jenny Fry, a pupil at Chipping Norton School, was found by her mother, Debra Fry, hanging from a tree at Brooke Woods at 4.20pm on June 11.

The inquest at Oxfordshire Coroners’ Court on November 19 heard how Jenny, who was described as intelligent, non-judgemental and organised, had not been seen since leaving home to go to school on the morning of Thursday, June 11, although she did not get on her bus to school.
A police statement said at 9.36am and 10.05am she sent a text to a friend about her intentions and stating where she was. Her friend did not have her phone with her that day.

Now Mrs Fry and Jenny’s father, Charles Newman, say they will continue their campaign to have the dangers of WiFi in schools addressed.

During the inquest, Mrs Fry said Jenny had first started showing symptoms of electro-hypersensitivity (EHS) around November 2012, including tiredness, nausea, headaches and bladder problems. It was the time Jenny’s parents briefly had WiFi connected to their home and, said Mrs Fry, that Chipping Norton School had WiFi installed.

“Jenny was getting ill and so was I. I did some research and found how dangerous WiFi could be so I had it taken out of the house. Both Jenny and I were fine at home but Jenny continued to be ill at school in certain areas. She was receiving lots of detentions, not for being disruptive in class or misbehaving, but often because she used to take herself out of the classroom to find another where she was able to work. She took her schoolwork seriously.

“I took lots of information into school to show the headteacher, Simon Duffy, but he said there was equally the same information available claiming WiFi was safe. I also had a heated exchange with teachers telling them Jenny was allergic to WiFi and that it made no sense making her take detentions in rooms that were making her ill. The least they could do was allow her to take them in rooms where she felt able to concentrate, but they wouldn’t listen,” she said.
“I intend to carry on my campaign to highlight the dangers of WiFi. I am not against a bit of technology but I do feel schools should be aware that some children are going to be sensitive to it and reduce its use.

“I think some technology is very useful. I am glad I had a mobile phone with me when I found Jenny so I was able to ring for help.” Mrs Fry said a lot of countries are taking note of its dangers now. France and Germany have acted to remove WiFi in nursery schools and reduce its use elsewhere. A campaign to offset and reduce radiation exposure in schools has been endorsed by many professionals including Professor Jacqueline McGlade, executive director of the European Environment Agency and Dr Erica Mallery-Blythe, medical advisor for Electrosensitivity UK.

“I fully believe Jenny did not intend to take her own life. I think she was frustrated with school. She would not see a doctor but was seeing a counsellor at school who was helping her. She had not made any suggestions she was thinking of suicide and I believe it was a cry for help.”

Oxfordshire coroner Darren Salter said he was unable to rule out it was a possible cry for help because of the texts she sent to a friend.

He said there was not enough proof to suggest Jenny intended to take her own life and recorded a narrative verdict: “It can’t be demonstrated to the required standard of proof that it is certain she intended to take her own life.”

He also did not include the factors relating to EHS as he said there were no medical notes to prove Jenny did suffer from it.

EHS continues not be to recognised as a medical diagnosis in the UK.

She said the problem she is facing is getting UK GPs to recognise EHS. She is also directing people to websites dedicated to radiation sensitivity. They include ssita.org.uk (Safe Schools Information Technology Alliance) where there is a section in ‘videos’ by Dr Mallery-Blythe. There is also wiredchild.org/home and wifiinschools.org.uk



Italy: The Electrosmog Bomb: 1.8 Million Patients

[An interview made in 2013 to our vice president Paolo Orio, translated into English by a foreign site.

Una intervista del 2013 fatta al nostro vicepresidente Paolo Orio, tradotta in Inglese da un sito estero.]

22 novembre 2013, “Towards Better Health”

The electrosmog bomb : In Italy 1.8 million patients
by Alessandro Barcella, La Notizia, 21 March 2013 (translated from Italian by the Google and the Editor of this blog)

The government ignores its own research. At stake, the interests of telephone companies

For the World Health Organization, it represents 1 to 3% of the world population. The data are actually understated because the most recent statistics show 10%. And in Italy? Statistics do not officially exist, although according to the most optimistic ones, the rate should be about 1.8 million. We are talking about so-called “electrosensitive” people, those with a real disease attributed to exposure to electromagnetic fields (both high and low frequency) emitted from a variety of sources. Their “mortal enemies” are everywhere: mobile and cordless phones, mobile phone base stations and power lines, Wi-Fi and laptops. And also civil and industrial radar, iPads or microwave ovens.

A sentence with no escape for some, who, in many countries of the world, are forced to live in caves or in the open countryside.

Paolo Orio, Vice President of the Italian electrosensitivity association [http://www.elettrosensibili.it/], is one of those who is sick. “The symptoms can vary in intensity, duration and location,” he tells us. “These include headache, sleep and memory disturbances, nausea and burning along the whole trunk of the body, or reddening of the skin, changes in heart rate and mood. An “ordeal” for him, which began with the first symptoms back in 1999, after three years of intensive cell phone use. “It all started with a headache, pain in the ear against which I held the phone, even intense itching in the ear canal. I went to the doctor but found no answers because the disease is not yet recognized, that is, included in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of the World Health Organization. This is because electrosensitivity is the victim of strong conflicts of interest, gigantic, if we consider only the role of the mobile phone industry.

This illness, which concerns a small segment of the population, is neglected, without any minimum guarantee of health care in terms of diagnosis, prognosis and treatment.

“For us, it becomes difficult, if not impossible, to go to the movies, to the theater, in public places like libraries where Wi-Fi is now everywhere, or on main means of transport,” says Paolo Orio. “I have not used a cell phone for 14 years. The car has electronic control unit shielding which immediately warns me of electromagnetic fields, and I switch off the power behind my bed.

Threshholds of danger are arriving much later in our country than demonstrated by international scientific studies.

In Italy, the limit values for “exposure to electromagnetic fields” are 6 volts / meter for high frequencies and, values of 10 and 3 microtesla for low frequencies.

There is a vast body of scientific evidence, with thousands of published studies, however, which show that very low electromagnetic field levels can have biological/health effects on humans and animals – even levels on the order of 0.4 microtesla for low frequencies and 0.2 volts / meter for high frequencies.

There is an urgent need for an “immediate modification of the law as called for by the European Parliament with the historic Council of Europe resolution of 2009”.

What risks does the “exposed” population incur? There are three stages of the disease, and all three are irreversible. The last one, according to research by Professor Belpomme (internationally renowned Paris oncologist) is a pre-Alzheimer’s stage, causing irreversible damage to the neuronal level and from cerebral blood perfusion. This may be compounded by the fact that cell phones are being used at a younger and younger age.

Recently, Belgium decreed a ban on cell phones for children under the age of 7 and Israel has imposed labeling on telecoms operators with the words, “attention, this can cause cancer.”

But Italy is a country where commissioned scientific research has suddenly disappeared. Paolo Orio says, “A few years ago, the National Institute of Health did start a study to assess people with this syndrome. The aims of the study were the evaluation of some parameters that could change in electrosensitive subjects.

The study undoubtedly began with good intentions, but was mysteriously not published. Then recently, came some kind of “joke”. “The decree relating to implementation of 4G or LTE technology has, under Article 14, surreptitiously increased the exposure limits of the law. The decree says that the electrosmog produced by a mobile phone antenna located near a home, courtyard or school should be calculated as the average of the emissions over 24 hours and no more than 6 minutes in daily peak times (as a rule, 13 or 20 minutes for telephone traffic in urban centers). This will widen the basis of calculation and the average daily highs will be offset by the minimum at night when there is less traffic and therefore less electrosmog. A good move, no doubt about it.”

What can one do individually, then, to reduce the risks? “For we who are sick,” said Orio, “avoid using cell or cordless phones (replace them with landlines), get rid of Wi-Fi, replace low energy consumption light bulbs.

The healthy use of your mobile phone is with a headset. If you have Wi-Fi, at least turn it off at night, replace the handset with a fixed phone and do not place the laptop on your lap when using Wi-Fi, because it is proven to reduce male fertility.

At the legislative level, Associations should demand policy changes: the rapid recognition of electrosensitivity as a pathology, which in Sweden is even classified as a disability. Secondly, a reduction in exposure limits, as international agencies and groups of independent scientists free from conflicts of interest have requested.

And maybe the example of elsewhere in Europe of “electrosmog-free areas” where you can rest for a few moments. And finally, prevent new segments of the population (especially children and adolescents) from getting sick. A pious wish perhaps, in a country where new mobile phone masts are defined by the policy “primary infrastructure works.”

Original article in Italian: