Tag: campi elettromagnetici

Electromagnetic hypersensitive Finns: Symptoms, perceived sources and treatments, a questionnaire study

[Interessante studio dal quale emerge che le raccomandazioni ufficiali di trattamento, utilizzo di psicoterapia e farmaci, non sono risultate essere significativamente utili nel migliorare la sintomatologia lamentata dai pazienti, mentre la riduzione o l’evitamento dei campi elettromagnetici (CEM) ha aiutato nel recupero totale o parziale.
Oltre al succitato evitamento dei CEM, i migliori trattamenti per gli Elettrosensibili sono risultati essere: “cambiamento di dieta” (69,4% di risposte positive), “integratori alimentari” (67,8% di risposte positive) e “una maggiore attività fisica” (61,6% di risposte positive).

Si conclude che gli attuali protocolli ufficiali di trattamento dovrebbero tenere maggiormente conto delle esperienze della persona Elettrosensibile, inoltre viene posto l’accento sul fatto che l’evitamento di radiazioni e campi elettromagnetici ha efficacemente rimosso o attenuato i sintomi dei soggetti Elettrosensibili.]


Pathophysiology xxx (2013) xxx–xxx

M. Hagström, J. Auranen, R. Ekman

Turku University of Applied Sciences/Telecommunication and e-Business/Radio and EMC Laboratory, Joukahaisenkatu 3C, 20520 Turku, Finland


Article history
Received: 20 December 2012
Received in revised form: 24 February 2013
Accepted: 25 February 2013

Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS)
Electromagnetic fields (EMF)
Questionnaire study
Complementary alternative (CAM) therapies


The aim was to analyze the subjective experiences of Finns who describe themselves as suffering from electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS), their symptoms, self-perceived sources of the health complaints and the effectiveness of medical and complementary alternative therapies. A total of 395 questionnaires were mailed to self-diagnosed EHS persons. Of the participants 345 belonged to a Finnish self-help group and 50 came from outside of the group. The return rate of the study was 52.1% (206) and 80.9% of the respondents were women. Before the onset of EHS the most common health complaints were different types of allergies (35.1%, 68). During the acute phase of EHS the most common symptoms were nervous system related: “stress” (60.3%, 117), “sleeping disorders” (59.3%, 115) and “fatigue” (57.2%, 111). The sources that were most often reported to have triggered EHS were: “personal computers” (50.8%, 94) and “mobile phones” (47.0%, 87). The same devices were also claimed to cause the most symptoms during the acute phase. After the acute phase of EHS had passed, the respondents still claimed to react to these same digital and wireless devices while their reactions to basic electrical appliances were reduced. According to 76% of 157 respondents the reduction or avoidance of electromagnetic fields(EMF) helped in their full or partial recovery. The best treatments for EHS were given as: “dietary change” (69.4%), “nutritional supplements” (67.8%) and “increased physical exercise” (61.6%). The official treatment recommendations of psychotherapy (2.6%) and medication (−4.2%) were not significantly helpful. According to the present results the official treatment protocols should take better account the EHS person’s own experiences. The avoidance of electromagnetic radiation and fields effectively removed or lessened the symptoms in EHS persons.

Versione PDF integrale scaricabile al seguente link:

Electromagnetic hypersensitive Finns – Symptoms, perceived sources and… – Hagström-et-al-2013

Effects of acute exposure to WIFI signals (2.45GHz) on heart variability and blood pressure in Albinos rabbit.

[In questo recente articolo, viene dimostrato un chiaro effetto delle frequenze emesse dai sistemi Wi-Fi  sulla variabilità del ritmo cardiaco e della pressione sanguigna, in animali da esperimento esposti nell’ambito di una procedura randomizzata.
Questo dato conferma i noti effetti delle radiofrequenze e microonde sul sistema cardiovascolare dell’uomo.
In particolare M. Havas, in sperimentazioni sull’uomo, ha messo in evidenza come proprio la frequenza a 2.4 GHz tipica del Wi-Fi (e del forno a microonde) sia in grado di alterare il sistema nervoso autonomo che governa l’attività cardiaca.
I bambini che frequentano le scuole elementari e medie, ormai dotate di sistemi di trasmissione dati tramite Wi-Fi, rischiano di avere seriamente compromessa l’attività di una pompa vitale come quella cardiaca.
Pertanto si rende necessario applicare con massima urgenza il principio di precauzione, eliminando questi pericolosi sistemi di trasmissione in favore di sistemi cablati, come raccomandano da tempo sia il Parlamento Europeo che il Consiglio d’Europa…prima che sia troppo tardi.


Published in: Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2015; 40 (2): 600 – 605 (PubMed | Journal website)

Linda Sailia, Amel Haninib, Chiraz Smiranib, Ines Azzouzb, Amina Azzouza, Mohsen Saklyb, Hafedh Abdelmelekb, Zihad Bouslamaa

a Laboratoire d’Ecologie des Systèmes Terrestres et Aquatiques, Faculté des Sciences, Université Badji Mokhtar, BP 12, 23005 Sidi Amar, Annaba, Algérie
b Laboratoire de Physiologie Intégrée, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Carthage, Jarzouna, Bizerte 7021, Tunisie


Article history
Received: 25 March 2015
Revised: 8 August 2015
Accepted: 13 August 2015
Available: online 17 August 2015

Arterial pressure (PA)
Efficacy of catecholamines
Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Heart rate (HR)


• ECG and arterial pressure measurements were studied under acute exposures to WIFI.
• Acute exposure of rabbits to WIFI increased heart frequency and arterial blood pressure.
• WIFI affect catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine) efficacy on cardiovascular system.
• Radiofrequency can act directly and/or indirectly on cardiovascular system.


Electrocardiogram and arterial pressure measurements were studied under acute exposures to WIFI (2.45GHz) during one hour in adult male rabbits. Antennas of WIFI were placed at 25cm at the right side near the heart. Acute exposure of rabbits to WIFI increased heart frequency (+22%) and arterial blood pressure (+14%). Moreover, analysis of ECG revealed that WIFI induced a combined increase of PR and QT intervals. By contrast, the same exposure failed to alter maximum amplitude and P waves. After intravenously injection of dopamine (0.50ml/kg) and epinephrine (0.50ml/kg) under acute exposure to RF we found that, WIFI alter catecholamines (dopamine, epinephrine) action on heart variability and blood pressure compared to control. These results suggest for the first time, as far as we know, that exposure to WIFI affect heart rhythm, blood pressure, and catecholamines efficacy on cardiovascular system; indicating that radiofrequency can act directly and/or indirectly on cardiovascular system.



The implications of non-linear biological oscillations on human electrophysiology for electrohypersensitivity (EHS) and multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)

Citation Information: Reviews on Environmental Health. ISSN (Online) 2191-0308, ISSN (Print) 0048-7554,DOI: 10.1515/reveh-2015-0007, September 2015

Cindy Sage1

1Sage Associates, 1396 Danielson Road, Santa Barbara, CA, 93108 USA


Article history
Received: 6 May 2015
Accepted: 30 July 2015
Published online: 12 September 2015

electrobiological rhythms
multiple chemical sensitivity
neuronal synchrony
voltage-gated calcium ion channel


The ‘informational content’ of Earth’s electromagnetic signaling is like a set of operating instructions for human life.
These environmental cues are dynamic and involve exquisitely low inputs (intensities) of critical frequencies with which all life on Earth evolved. Circadian and other temporal biological rhythms depend on these fluctuating electromagnetic inputs to direct gene expression, cell communication and metabolism, neural development, brainwave activity, neural synchrony, a diversity of immune functions, sleep and wake cycles, behavior and cognition. Oscillation is also a universal phenomenon, and biological systems of the heart, brain and gut are dependent on the cooperative actions of cells that function according to principles of non-linear, coupled biological oscillations for their synchrony. They are dependent on exquisitely timed cues from the environment at vanishingly small levels. Altered ‘informational content’ of environmental cues can swamp natural electromagnetic cues and result in dysregulation of normal biological rhythms that direct growth, development, metabolism and repair mechanisms. Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) and radiofrequency radiation (RFR) can have the devastating biological effects of disrupting homeostasis and desynchronizing normal biological rhythms that maintain health. Non-linear, weak field biological oscillations govern body electrophysiology, organize cell and tissue functions and maintain organ systems. Artificial bioelectrical interference can give false information (disruptive signaling) sufficient to affect critical pacemaker cells (of the heart, gut and brain) and desynchronize functions of these important cells that orchestrate function and maintain health. Chronic physiological stress undermines homeostasis whether it is chemically induced or electromagnetically induced (or both exposures are simultaneous contributors). This can eventually break down adaptive biological responses critical to health maintenance; and resilience can be compromised. Electrohypersensitivity can be caused by successive assaults on human bioelectrochemical dynamics from exogenous electromagnetic fields (EMF) and RFR or a single acute exposure. Once sensitized, further exposures are widely reported to cause reactivity to lower and lower intensities of EMF/RFR, at which point thousand-fold lower levels can cause adverse health impacts to the electrosensitive person. Electrohypersensitivity (EHS) can be a precursor to, or linked with, multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) based on reports of individuals who first develop one condition, then rapidly develop the other. Similarity of chemical biomarkers is seen in both conditions [histamines, markers of oxidative stress, auto-antibodies, heat shock protein (HSP), melatonin markers and leakage of the blood-brain barrier]. Low intensity pulsed microwave activation of voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) is postulated as a mechanism of action for non-thermal health effects.



Calls to ban wifi in schools based on cancer risk

17 settembre 2015 – “Mobilfunk-Newsletter”

Hello Dr Kabat,

Read your McGill reporter interview. I’m surprised by your conclusions, as insufficient proof of harm is not proof of safety, as you very well know. Remember tobacco, lead, glyphosate, etc.?
as well as the ICEMS’ Monograph, “Non-Thermal Effects and Mechanisms of Interaction Between Electromagnetic Fields and Living Matter”, edited by Livio Giuliani and Morando Soffritti for the “European Journal of Oncology” – Library Vol. 5 of the National Institute for the Study and Control of Cancer and Environmental Diseases “Bernardo Ramazzini”, Bologna, Italy, 2010, Part I and Part II. http://www.icems.eu/papers.htm
Especially this chapter by Dr of radiobiology Igor Belyeav, head of the Russiand and Slovak laboratories of radiobiology:
Dependence of non-thermal biological effects of microwaves on physical and biological variables: implications for reproducibility and safety standards
Diverse biological responses, including adverse health effects, to non-thermal (NT) microwaves (MW) have been described by many research groups all over the world. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the complex dependence of these effects on various physical and biological parameters, which must be controlled in replication studies. Besides well-known dependencies on carrier frequency and modulation, emerging data suggest dependencies of NT MW effects on polarization, intermittence and coherence time of exposure, static magnetic field, electromagnetic stray fields, genotype, gender, physiological and individual traits, cell density during exposure. Data also indicate that duration of exposure may be as important as power density (PD) and specific absorption rate (SAR). Further evaluation of these dependencies are needed for understanding the mechanisms by which NT MW affect biological systems, planning in vivo and epidemiological studies, developing medical treatments, setting safety standards, and minimizing the adverse effects of MW from mobile communication.
On how some children react to Wi-Fi, see this conference by Dr Karl Maret MD: https://vimeo.com/132039697
and here is a rough Google translation of a recent feature I wrote in French.
Best regards
André Fauteux, Editor/Publisher
La Maison du 21e siècle Magazine 
450 228-1555
Electrohypersensitivity in school: a mother goes to court
André Fauteux | September 10, 2015  
Photo: A new French law prohibits Wi-Fi “in the areas dedicated to home, to rest and activities of children under three years” and requires that it be turned off in primary schools when not in use for digital activities teaching.
A Montreal lawyer has filed a discrimination complaint against the Public Health Department (DSP) of Montreal and the Quebec government who refuse to give her and her three children reasonable accommodations due to their electrohypersensitivity.
According to their doctor, mother and children have developed a severe intolerance to radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted by antennas and wireless devices such as wireless modems and routers. The mother filed her complaint with the Quebec Human Rights and Youth Rights Commission 28 August and is also about to file proceedings in Quebec Superior Court.
“The DSP violates Canadian law on human rights,” says the lawyer who asked to remain anonymous to protect her children’s identity. She refers in particular to the report Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation and the Health of Canadians, filed on June 17 by the Standing Committee on Health of the House of Commons, which recommended notably that: “The Government of Canada continue to take reasonable accommodation in cases of environmental sensitivities, such as electromagnetic hypersensitivity [EHS], as required under the Canadian Charter of Human Rights.”
Tachycardia, tinnitus, headaches …
Searching for healthy schools for her children since May, the lawyer said she had “only good words” for Dominique Bertrand, deputy director of the Marguerite-Bourgeoys School Board (CSMB) and its coordinator of Health and Safety, Marc Bisson, who acted to reduce two of her three children’s RF exposure in west-end Montreal schools. “Mr. Bisson agreed to disconnect the Wi-Fi in their classroom and nearby routers. And he wrote a directive prohibiting activating a cell phone in the presence of my nine-year-old daughter. » The lawyer said the girl often has nosebleeds when exposed to Wi-Fi, even unknowingly, evidence that her reaction is not psychosomatic.
Finding a school without RF radiation is harder in high school, when most students have a cellphone. And in some schools, even after turning off the Wi-Fi, radiation levels exceed the recommendations of the Austrian Medical Association for exposure to RF, the lawyer said. “At the Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf, the main entrance is overexposed by emissions from cellular antennas installed on the other side of the street, on the roof and walls of Sainte-Justine Hospital! “
Her other daughter, who is 12, suffers from stomach aches and headaches arising after sustained exposure to RF microwaves. The mother said she also had to remove her 14-year-old son from the College of Montreal where he suffered from heart palpitations, tinnitus, as well as concentration and memory problems. (The symptoms were documented since the Second World War in certain radio operators suffering from what was then called microwave sickness.) On August 27, the deputy director of the CSMB finally enrolled the teenager in a class without Wi-Fi in a Mount Royal high school.
“The inaction of the Ministry of Health and the Public Health Department is outraging. When there is a slightest doubt of a serious risk to public health, the precautionary principle should prevail, » said the mother who sent the DPS formal notice on July 22. The only response she received was by email, by DSP Director Dr. Richard Massé, on August 27. He referred to reports by Health Canada, the World Health Organization (WHO) and other international bodies quoted in an advisory entitled Wi-Fi in schools written in 2014 by DSP toxicologist Monique Beausoleil for the Montreal School Board. Her review concluded that “until now, research has not been able to provide data that demonstrate a causal relationship between exposure to RF and symptoms reported by people who say they have “electromagnetic hypersensitivity » (EHS). Given, on the one hand, the levels of exposure to RF attributable to the Wi-Fi technology, and secondly, the results of rigorous scientific studies on the effects of RF on health, the use of Wi-Fi in primary schools does not constitute a risk to the health of teachers nor the students.”
Although WHO recognizes the existence of EHS since 2005, the agency says it is not proven beyond a reasonable doubt that its symptoms are triggered by electromagnetic fields (EMFs). But this opinion is disputed by a growing number of experts and the Austrian Medical Association, which published in 2011 a Guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of health problems and diseases associated with EMFs. Moreover, as early as 2000, the Council of Ministers of European Nordic countries (including Sweden) recognized EHS as a disability entitling accommodations, adding that its symptoms (fatigue, memory problems and concentration, etc.) disappear in “non-electrical environments”.
At the CSMB, spokesman Jean-Michel Nahas said it requires Wi-Fi devices comply with Health Canada’s Safety Code 6 (CS6) whose guidelines for human RF exposure aim to avoid tissue heating from a six-minute exposure. But in 1993, three US federal agencies (EPA, FDA and NISOSH) reported that the US FCC guideline akin to CS6 had “major flaws” because it ignores the non-thermal effects of low RF exposures long term, recognized in 1986 by the US National Council for Radiation Protection
and Measurements in its report Biological Effects and Exposure Criteria for Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Moreover, in 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics, representing more than 60,000 pediatricians, asked the US government to adopt RF exposure limits taking into account the greater vulnerability of children.
Why did the CSMB accommodated the lawyer’s children? “Exceptional measures may be considered in specific cases where a student or a teacher complains of symptoms supported by the diagnosis of a doctor. Nevertheless, we ensure that services, including wireless internet, are not diminished by these compromises,” said Nahas.
Public Health dissent
The lawyer has such a letter from her physician, Dr. Louis Jacques, Professor of Medicine at the University of Montreal, a clinician at the Notre-Dame Hospital’s Occupational and Environmental Health Clinic and… a medical adviser at the DSP. In his letter, he recommends replacing wireless internet connections with cable, as Israel does in classrooms of younger students and as recommended in Switzerland, Germany and other countries. Since late January 2015, Wi-Fi is even banned in France in child care and early childhood centers and it is restricted in primary schools.
“Note that the withdrawal of Wi-Fi in the whole school and all schools is a preventive measure among others against EMFs that has been recommended by many scientists around the world,” wrote Dr. Jacques in his June 11 letter to the primary school of the the lawyer’s daughter. He added: The potential effects of EMFs on health are many: in addition to hypersensitivity syndrome which affects 3 to 5% of people (prevalence appears to be growing), there may be effects on cancer, on the heart and on the brain.” In concluding that “the literature is enormous”, he referred in particular to the www.emfscientist.org website which presents a call for precaution issued in May 2015 by 190 experts who authored more than 2,000 EMF/health studies. Among the experts who recommend the removal of Wi-Fi schools include Dr. Anthony Miller, emeritus professor of epidemiology at the University of Toronto and head of epidemiological studies at the National Cancer Institute from 1971 to 1986. “Children should reduce their exposure to wireless emissions and pregnant women should avoid putting a laptop or tablet on their belly,” he told us in an interview last year.
Scientific debate
The absence of scientific consensus surrounding EHS did not prevent the French disability tribunal in Toulouse, in early July, from recognizing medical evidence supporting an EHS complaint. It concluded Marine Richard suffers from a syndrome whose “clinical description is irrefutable” reported Le Figaro on August 25 Le Figaro. This first by a French court allowed Ms Richard, who suffers from functional impairment (85% level) preventing her from working, attributed to EMFs by her doctor. She was granted “an allowance of 800 euros per month for three years and possibly renewable”.
In its opinion on EHS published in December 2005, WHO declared that the majority of studies on the topic “indicates that individuals complaining of EHS are unable to detect more precisely exposure to EMFs that ordinary individuals. Well controlled and conducted double-blind have shown that symptoms were not correlated with EMF exposure.”  However, according to the British website Powerwatch.org.uk, there are many studies showing the opposite and they were carried by non-industry nor state-funded experts. I met some of them last May in Brussels, at the 5th Paris Appeal Conference, which focused this year on environmental sensitivities. One of these experts, Igor Belyaev, PhD in genetics and radiation biology and head of the Radiobiology Laboratory at both the Russian and Slovak Academies of Sciences, explained to me that several studies appear designed to make believe that EHS is psychosomatic. They do not take into account for example the fact that the symptoms often appear hours after EMF exposure. Moreover, in general, subjects are exposed in laboratory to pure RFs which in no way reflect the characteristics (multiple frequencies, bandwidths, modulation, polarization, intensity, variable exposure times, interference, etc.) of RF microwaves that we are exposed to daily. (Read his article on the physical and biological variables influencing the non-thermal effects of RF, which it recommends to consider to publish studies reproducible and realistic safety standards.)
For the last four years, the organizer of the Brussels conference, Parisian oncologist Dominique Belpomme, has treated more than 1200 patients (read his Powerpoint presentation) he diagnosed with EHS, which he renamed EMF Intolerance Syndrome (SICEM). He reported they all show clinical signs of brain damage such as poor cerebral vascularisation, high levels of histamine and heat shock proteins or a decrease in vitamin D as well as melatonin, the powerful anticancer hormone responsible for our biological clock. “Their symptoms are not explained by a known disease, they appear and are reproducible under the effect of electromagnetic fields and they regress or disappear in the event of avoidance of these waves », he added.
Among the conferences most appreciated speakers was an octogenarian from Dallas, Texas, Dr. William J. Rea. A thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon, he has treated more than 30,000 people with environmental hypersensitivities since the early 1970s. In 1991, he coauthored a study in the Journal of Bioelectricity explaining how he induced neurological and cardiac symptoms in EHS patients. First he had them rest a few days in a pollution-free environment to calm their nervous and other systems. His team then exposed patients to RFs and sham placebos in double-blind challenges (neither the researchers nor the subjects were aware which exposures were real). In an interview in Brussels, he told me that 80% of his EHS patients had previously been poisoned by mold or chemicals which notably harmed their immune and neurological systems.
It so happens that our Montreal lawyer and mother also suffers from severe vitamin D deficiency, and she told me that her symptoms and her children’s appeared two years after leaving a water-damaged house where they suffered repeated infections caused by significant mold exposure. The triggers, she said, was the wireless Bell Fibe modem next to her computer and a new smart meter, both RF transmitters whose power peaks are never mentioned by the public health authorities, which only talk of average levels of exposure. 
“Wi-Fi exposes many children to annual RF doses that are much larger than those received from a cell phone that can give you a higher dose but to which we are much less exposed”, explained in Brussels toxicologist Magda Havas, an expert on EMFs health effects at Trent University, in Ontario. ”Since 2010, there have been several cardiac arrests among schoolchildren in Collingwood.”
For his part, California physician Dr Karl Maret measured cumulative RF exposure levels higher in a hypersensitive child at school than he measured in an internet cafe. “EHS children and pregnant women are at most risk, he said in a lecture at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco on June 2015. They are like the canaries we used to send in mines and who tell us there is a problem and it is high time we deal with it.”
At the DSP, spokeswoman Marie Pinard denied that Dr. Louis Jacques was reprimanded for contradicting the view of his colleague Monique Beausoleil. ‘’Clinical doctors are totally independent in determining their diagnoses and treatment advice they give their patients”, she said. Dr. Fernand Turcotte, who co-founded the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at Laval University, said he would be surprised if Dr. Jacques was the subject of any blame. “Louis is a guy who knows his job, I have no doubt about his credibility and independence.”



Electromagnetic hypersensitivity – an increasing challenge to the medical profession.

15 settembre 2015


Hedendahl L, Carlberg M, Hardell L.



In 1970, a report from the former Soviet Union described the “microwave syndrome” among military personnel, working with radio and radar equipment, who showed symptoms that included fatigue, dizziness, headaches, problems with concentration and memory, and sleep disturbances. Similar symptoms were found in the 1980s among Swedes working in front of cathode ray tube monitors, with symptoms such as flushing, burning, and tingling of the skin, especially on the face, but also headaches, dizziness, tiredness, and photosensitivity. The same symptoms are reported in Finns, with electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) being attributed to exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). Of special concern is involuntary exposure to radiofrequency (RF)-EMF from different sources. Most people are unaware of this type of exposure, which has no smell, color, or visibility. There is an increasing concern that wireless use of laptops and iPads in Swedish schools, where some have even abandoned textbooks, will exacerbate the exposure to EMF.


We have surveyed the literature on different aspects of EHS and potential adverse health effects of RF-EMF. This is exemplified by case reports from two students and one teacher who developed symptoms of EHS in schools using Wi-Fi.


In population-based surveys, the prevalence of EHS has ranged from 1.5% in Sweden to 13.3% in Taiwan. Provocation studies on EMF have yielded different results, ranging from where people with EHS cannot discriminate between an active RF signal and placebo, to objectively observed changes following exposure in reactions of the pupil, changes in heart rhythm, damage to erythrocytes, and disturbed glucose metabolism in the brain. The two students and the teacher from the case reports showed similar symptoms, while in school environments, as those mentioned above.


Austria is the only country with a written suggestion to guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems. Apart from this, EHS is not recognized as a specific diagnosis in the rest of the world, and no established treatment exists.


It seems necessary to give an International Classification of Diseases to EHS to get it accepted as EMF-related health problems. The increasing exposure to RF-EMF in schools is of great concern and needs better attention. Longer-term health effects are unknown. Parents, teachers, and school boards have the responsibility to protect children from unnecessary exposure.



The Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Man

13 settembre 2015 – “Towards Better Health”

[Cenni storici…]

by Pierre Dubochet, Forum Sécurité, no.1, May 2015

(Translation by Meris Michaels – Sept. 13, 2015)

Forum_Securite_mai_2015Since the use of microwave emitters in the 1930’s, we have observed biological effects. In some cases, harmless, in others, dangerous.

At the end of the 1960’s, microwave experts from Eastern Europe produced a document showing that exposure of workers and members of the military to microwaves at non-thermal levels for many years results in, among others: fatigue, irritability, headaches, nausea, change in heart rate, hypo- and hypertension, somnolence, insomnia, troubles concentrating, skin allergies, increase in numbers of lymphocytes, perturbation of the electroencephalogram, and damage to sense organs.

Exactly the afflictions a growing percentage of people are now complaining about! NASA translated this text under the title “Biological Effect of Microwaves in Occupational Hygiene” in 1970. With “Biologic Effects and Health Hazards of Microwave Radiation”, WHO took the same direction in 1973, emphasizing the cumulative nature of received doses. Science has proven that chronic exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) of microwaves below thermal thresholds leads to functional alterations, at times disabling, at times dangerous.

From the moon to the mobile phone

In 1969, Motorola, the American inventor of the transceiver and walkie-talkie, transmitted the voice of Neil Armstrong, walking on the moon. Its next objective was a GSM mobile phone network. More than 100 million dollars were invested before the commercialization of its radiotelephones in 1983. In the medium term, the mobile phone could well be a colossal financial manna provided that the countless reports signaling risks of exposure to EMF were stifled.

Thus, in 1974, experts like Tanner, Bigu del Blanco and Sierra observed that several minutes of exposure to EMF at 27 MHz emitted by a radio transmitter of 5 watts (a current mobile phone with G of 2 watts) is sufficient to cause a significant loss of myelin(1). This substance surrounds the nerve fiber and conducts nerve impulses. Research has shown that pulsed microwaves – this extremely low frequency (ELF) pulse which optimizes the signal and reduces the technology costs – generate more metabolic disturbances compared to a continuous signal at the same average power density.

We remember the affair at the American Embassy in Moscow disclosed by the press in 1976. The premises were irradiated by microwaves at around 6 V/m(2). Ambassador Stoessel suffered from ocular hemorrhages and a blood disorder. Three men died of cancer, five women underwent a mastectomy linked to cancer. Neither a hypothetical risk nor an abstract risk, exposure to microwave EMF is harmful at non-thermal levels. How does one develop wireless technologies in this context?

First, by taking the lead in legalizing what one calls indicative limit values in toxicology. Second, by replacing the precautionary principle, susceptible to restraining litigation, with the principle of technology watch, that is, observing the health impact over several decades while awaiting the development of scientific methods showing absolute proof of harm. This is the famous “we don’t know”. Two dominant organizations support these strategies: the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and the EMF department at WHO.

Michael Repacholi chaired the study groups at WHO from 1978. He also belonged to a group which established ICNIRP in 1992. Repacholi presided over this commission which comprises twelve other member scientists, some of whom occupy top positions in the industry. Repacholi founded and headed the research department on the effects of EMF at WHO during the period when safety norms were established, between 1996 and 2006. Can we really believe the president of these institutions was actually defending public health?

Can we really imagine this man supporting citizens against aggressive industrialists?  It was the opposite, according to David Leloup of Mediattitudes(3). Repacholi was acting on behalf of the industry. In 1990, this man supported an Australian electricity company against landowners in New South Wales who were opposed to the installation of a high voltage power line (HT) on their property. In 1995, he assisted Bell South in installing a relay antenna near a nursery in Christchurch.

Later, by downplaying studies showing the increase in the risk of child leukemia near power lines, Repacholi supported the Connecticut Light and Power Co. On 3 August 2000, Michael Repacholi, the man who influenced all national radiation protection associations worldwide, admitted before the Court of the Australian Senate that limiting exposure to wireless radiation is not based on science. It was negotiated between trade unions (industrial) and the government of that period.

Anticipating the risk of legal action and buying time

ICNIRP found an approach to safeguard the industry which seemed scientific. A model filled with a homogenous fluid gel was subjected to EMF. At 61 V/m during six minutes, the heating of the gel was inferior to the regulatory thermal capacity of the human body. ICNIRP’s communication was clever: although not specifying any safety or health value, it was perceived as such. It was the tour de force wording of communication specialists destined to anticipate the risk of legal actions relating to products and services.

The numerous bias in the guide published by ICNIRP make this document irrelevant for evaluating realistic exposure limits, but who cares. It used all its influence, including its intimate connections with WHO. Objective: to have high thresholds of exposure accepted in a maximum number of countries. The EMF department at WHO retracted the former “unsafe” proclamations and reverted to the old theory of radiophobia.

In 1958, while the government was preparing the legal basis for nuclear electricity, WHO snubbed its foes in its report 151: The appearance of “a source of energy of such shattering possibilities as atomic power will cause strong psychological reactions, and… some of these will probably have to be considered as more or less pathological.” It repeated this credo with symptoms due to non-thermal exposure to EMF: There also exist certain elements indicating that these symptoms may be due to pre-existing psychiatric disorders, as well as reactions to stress resulting from fear of eventual health effects.

Aware of the safety issues, European insurance companies excluded risks linked to EMF in their coverage. For our federal authorities, protection of health due to EMF is a challenge. In drafting the Ordinance on Protection Against Non-Ionizing Radiation (ORNI), Switzerland, neither exemplary nor rigorous, chose to base itself on the recommendations of ICNIRP. It legalized a density which could go up to 61 V/m for fixed installations emitting between 2 and 300 GHz. Mobile devices (smartphones, Wi-Fi etc.) are excluded from ORNI because “we must be sure not to create unacceptable obstructions to business.”

Science shows that the penetration of EMF is greater in children than in adults. Olsen(4) concluded that children exposed in utero or during the first seven years of their life to low doses of EMF have an 80% risk of behavioral disorders at age seven. Carlo(5) indicated a link between wireless technology and child autism, which is increasing rapidly.

The convenience of Wi-Fi is attractive, but it causes a significant addition of EMF, including to children and young people, fond of wireless. This pollution carries increased risk of neurological and cognitive disorders. We have seen pulsed microwave radiation impairing memory and attention. The risk of headaches and dizziness increases with irradiation. In addition, hyperactivity and chronic insomnia may occur. How to be successful in schooling and studies if the environment affects attention and memory? Can we take the risk of threatening the future of our children? Can we expose them to radiation with cumulative effects in order to avoid a few meters of wire?

Neuchâtel limits use of Wi-Fi in classrooms

The Neuchâtel authorities, as in other countries, have refused the risk of Wi-Fi. Pioneers in Switzerland, they have adopted an ordinance in 2010 whose article 7 stipulates that only wired networks (metallic cables or fiber optics) are authorized in classrooms in preschools, and primary schools. Article 8 authorizes wireless equipment under certain conditions in shared spaces. At the Association Romande Alerte (ARA), we wanted to know if the Ordinance was being adhered to. We have equally focused on nurseries where exposure of very young children to EMF is all the more ill-advised.

Another technician and I visited 18 preschool and primary school establishments (around 15% of the establishments in the canton), announcing ourselves to the officials on the day of evaluation. The doors to some schools and nurseries remained closed due to lack of an official request in writing. In spite of the Ordinance, Wi-Fi routers were irradiating classrooms in preschools and primary schools. Schools and nurseries taken together, we measured Wi-Fi in nearly three out of four locations. Sometimes, the Wi-Fi served to connect a computer and a printer only a few meters apart. In the nursery, four computers for very young children were connected to routers located a few dozen centimeters from their heads.  In addition, sometimes wireless DECT phones and cell phones were further increasing EMF exposure.

In its patent WO2004075583, Swisscom outlined various risks from electrosmog. At the international conference in Salzburg in 2002, eminent independent experts in building biology estimated that an exposure inferior to 0.06 V/m was acceptable long-term. In this regard, only one primary school, one preschool and one nursery school visited could be considered neutral in terms of EMF.

The personnel we met were of good faith but often ignorant about protective measures such as those proposed by the Federal Office for Public Health. Several kinds of confusion were observed. Certain users believed that it suffices to connect a cable to a device (for example, to connect the tablet to the mains) in order to avoid radiation. Others confound Wi-Fi with access to the Internet. There are still many challenges before awareness is raised among all concerned parties. Our investigations have however been fruitful: installations were taken away, and we have established useful contacts with the canton of Neuchâtel service of compulsory education.

Establishing a program of electromagnetic protection in schools is being considered. We hope that the scholastic officials of other cantons as well as business leaders will join us in this campaign.

(1) Science et vie, février 1974.
(2) OMS “La protection contre les rayonnements non ionisants”, 1985, p. 143.
(3) http://www.mediattitudes.info, Téléphonie mobile: trafic d’influence à l’OMS?, 23 janvier 2007.
(4) J. Olsen, L. Kheifets, C. Obel, H.A. “The prenatal and postnatal exposure to cell phone use and behavioral problems in children”, Epidemiology. 2008 Jul ; 19(4);523-9.
(5) 5 T.J. Mariea, G.L. Carlo. “Wireless radiation in the etiology and treatment of autism (…)”, Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine, Vol.26, No.2, August 2007.

PIERRE DUBOCHET, engineer, is a pioneer at Neuchâtel radio where he became technical director of the station. In 1995, he set up a business specialized in multimedia whose products are distributed in more than 160 countries. He undertakes radiation measurements in private homes and conducts EMF audits in businesses in order to safeguard the health of employees and thus, productivity.

To view his site: http://www.pierredubochet.ch

Forum Sécurité

The only magazine dedicated to the theme of safety in French-speaking Switzerland

The Swiss magazine on safety – Forum Sécurité – is the only professional magazine in French-speaking Switzerland dedicated entirely to the theme of safety. It is the counterpart of the Swiss German magazine SicherheitsForum. The themes developed in Forum Sécurité are on organizational, physical, and technical safety, safety at work as well as information security. Subjects discussed include management of safety and risk, technical safety, business continuity, work safety, health protection and its promotion, information security, data protection and that linked to IT security as well as building safety in all its forms, from fire protection to building security in general.

Original article in French:


Allergia alle onde elettromagnetiche, due genitori denunciano una scuola

14 settembre 2015 – Corriere della Sera / Pediatria, di Simona Marchetti

[Interessante articolo del Corriere della Sera / Pediatria di ieri, 14 settembre 2015.

Ci permettiamo però di fare tre considerazioni in merito alle seguenti affermazioni contenute nel pur meritevole articolo:

“In realtà però l’EHS resta un enigma, perché non esistono prove certe che ne dimostrino l’esistenza. Non a caso, secondo gli esperti coloro che dicono di soffrirne sarebbero invece vittima dell’effetto «nocebo» (ovvero, il malessere si manifesta non appena si viene a conoscenza della presenza di un segnale wi-fi): una teoria che pare trovare l’avallo della stessa Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità che, pur riportando questo disturbo nell’elenco delle malattie, non conferma però che la causa scatenante siano le onde elettromagnetiche.”

1) Non è vero che non esistono prove certe della esistenza della Elettrosensibilità: migliaia (!!) di articoli scientifici riportano l’esistenza di un nesso di causalità tra l’esposizione alle radiazioni elettromagnetiche e l’insorgenza di effetti biologico/sanitari che conducono anche alla Elettrosensibilità.

2) Già nel lontano 1950 i ricercatori russi identificarono quella che definirono “malattia da microonde” in soldati e operai che avevano ricevuto una esposizione professionale giornaliera a radiofrequenze (RF) e apparecchiature a microonde. E negli anni successivi, sempre più prove scientifiche hanno confermato la pericolosità di questo tipo di esposizione.

Adesso, certuni scienziati (e non tutti, come fa intendere l’articolo!), sostengono che esista solo un problema di effetto “nocebo”.
Se si andasse ad indagare la fonte del loro finanziamento, probabilmente si scoprirebbero cose interessanti.

Dunque questo problema deve essere affrontato quanto prima, perché un tempo soldati e operai in certi tipi di settori erano gli unici soggetti ad essere esposti alle microonde, oggigiorno, con la diffusione del Wireless, siamo diventati tutti come i radaristi e ci ammaleremo seriamente, eccome se ci ammaleremo seriamente!

3) La Organizzazione mondiale della Sanità potrà anche non confermare che la causa della Elettrosensibilità siano radiofrequenze/microonde, però il 31 maggio 2011 ha rilasciato un comunicato nel quale dice chiaramente che radiofrequenze/microonde sono dei possibili cancerogeni per l’uomo, inseriti in classe 2 come, tanto per fare un esempio, il piombo.
Difatti la benzina contenente piombo è stata tolta dalla circolazione per ragioni sanitarie. La tecnologia Wireless, invece, sta venendo diffusa come non mai.
Fatevi una domanda e datevi una risposta.]


Il caso di uno studente che soffre di mal di testa, pruriti, palpitazioni, sintomi della EHS. In Francia un tribunale ha riconosciuto a una donna la disabilità per lo stesso disturbo

Ogni volta che G (nome di fantasia) tornava a casa dal prestigioso istituto elementare che frequentava, lamentava mal di testa e pruriti, che però svanivano col passare delle ore e addirittura non comparivano mai nei fine settimana o durante le vacanze scolastiche. Ma quando gli stessi medici non seppero dare una spiegazione plausibile a quegli strani sintomi, comparsi per la prima volta nella primavera del 2013 e aggravatisi poi lo scorso anno con emorragie dal naso, vertigini, palpitazioni e nausea, i suoi genitori decisero di avviare una ricerca per conto loro. E alla fine – come racconta il sito Dailybeast.com – la causa di tutti i mali di G sarebbe stata identificata nel wi-fi della Fay School di Southborough, Massachusetts, dove il figlio studiava dal 2009 e che, guarda caso, era stato implementato proprio nella primavera del 2013, ovvero quando il ragazzo aveva iniziato a stare male. Da qui la conclusione che il figlio soffrisse di ipersensibilità elettromagnetica (la cosiddetta EHS) e la conseguente richiesta all’istituto di passare alla rete Ethernet o di ridurre le emissioni del sistema wireless installato per alleviare i sintomi di quella che – a loro dire – era da considerare una vera e propria disabilità.

La denuncia in tribunale

Ma quando i vertici della scuola si sono rifiutati di cooperare, i genitori di G hanno portato la Fay in tribunale, asserendo che «avesse volutamente ignorato gli studi scientifici dietro alla EHS». Studi come quello condotto nel 2013 da due scienziati dell’Indiana, dove gli autori convengono che «i campi elettromagnetici possono modificare le funzioni neurologiche e il metabolismo cellulare» che sono infatti finiti nelle 45 pagine della denuncia, molte delle quali ruotano attorno alla definizione stessa di «ipersensibilità elettromagnetica» e alla conferma che non si tratti «di una condizione ipotetica» bensì di una disabilità «che possa compromettere gravemente le funzioni neurologiche e respiratorie dell’individuo, limitandone sostanzialmente l’attività», come puntualizzato anche nell’Indoor Enviromental Quality dello United States Access Board.

L’ipersensibilità elettromagnetica esiste?

In realtà però l’EHS resta un enigma, perché non esistono prove certe che ne dimostrino l’esistenza. Non a caso, secondo gli esperti coloro che dicono di soffrirne sarebbero invece vittima dell’effetto «nocebo» (ovvero, il malessere si manifesta non appena si viene a conoscenza della presenza di un segnale wi-fi): una teoria che pare trovare l’avallo della stessa Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità che, pur riportando questo disturbo nell’elenco delle malattie, non conferma però che la causa scatenante siano le onde elettromagnetiche.

Il precedente in Francia

Tornando al caso del piccolo G, c’è però un precedente che potrebbe dar ragione ai suoi genitori nella denuncia contro la scuola: il mese scorso, infatti, un tribunale di Tolosa, in Francia, ha riconosciuto come handicap l’ipersensibilità alle onde elettromagnetiche, stabilendo un’indennità di 800 euro al mese per tre anni (eventualmente rinnovabile) alla 39enne Marine Richard, costretta a trasferirsi in uno sperduto paesino dei Pirenei per evitare qualsiasi contatto con reti cellulari o wi-fi e altre fonti elettromagnetiche che possano provocarle gravi reazioni allergiche.

Articolo originale al seguente link:


Electrohypersensitivity: State-of-the-Art of a Functional Impairment

[Storico e fondamentale articolo del prof. Olle Johansson, neuroscienziato del Karolinska Institute, che descrive l’Elettrosensibilità come compromissione funzionale.
In Svezia l’Elettrosensibilità è riconosciuta come invalidità.]

Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 25: 245–258, 2006
Copyright © Informa Healthcare
ISSN 1536-8378 print
DOI: 10.1080/15368370601044150

OLLE JOHANSSON – Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden




Recently, a new category of persons, claiming to suffer from exposure to electromagnetic fields, has been described in the literature.
In Sweden, electrohypersensitivity (EHS) is an officially fully recognized functional impairment (i.e., it is not regarded as a disease).
Survey studies show that somewhere between 230,000– 290,000 Swedish men and women report a variety of symptoms when being in contact with electromagnetic field (EMF) sources.
The aim of our studies has been to investigate possible alterations, in the cellular and neuronal systems of these persons’ skin.
As controls, age- and sex-matched persons, without any subjective or clinical symptoms or dermatological history, served. Immunohistochemistry using antisera to the previously characterized marker substances of interest has been utilized.
In summary, it is evident from our preliminary data that various alterations are present in the electrohypersensitive persons’ skin.
In view of recent epidemiological studies, pointing to a correlation between long-term exposure from power-frequent magnetic fields or microwaves and cancer, our data ought to be taken seriously and further analyzed.

Versione PDF integrale scaricabile al seguente link:

OLLE JOHANSSON – Electrohypersensitivity State-of-the-Art of a Functional Impairment

Disturbance of the immune system by electromagnetic fields—A potentially underlying cause for cellular damage and tissue repair reduction which could lead to disease and impairment

[Uno dei fondamentali lavori del prof. Olle Johansson, in cui si dimostra l’impatto delle radiazioni elettromagnetiche sul sistema immunitario.]


Pathophysiology 16 (2009) 157–177

Olle Johansson – The Experimental Dermatology Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden


Article history
Received: 23 August 2008
Accepted: 30 January 2009

Radiofrequency fields
Magnetic fields


A number of papers dealing with the effects of modern, man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs) on the immune system are summarized in the present review.
EMFs disturb immune function through stimulation of various allergic and inflammatory responses, as well as effects on tissue repair processes.
Such disturbances increase the risks for various diseases, including cancer.
These and the EMF effects on other biological processes (e.g. DNA damage, neurological effects, etc.) are now widely reported to occur at exposure levels significantly below most current national and international safety limits.
Obviously, biologically based exposure standards are needed to prevent disruption of normal body processes and potential adverse health effects of chronic exposure.
Based on this review, as well as the reviews in the recent Bioinitiative Report [http://www.bioinitiative.org/] [C.F. Blackman, M. Blank, M. Kundi, C. Sage, D.O. Carpenter, Z. Davanipour, D. Gee, L. Hardell, O. Johansson, H. Lai, K.H. Mild, A. Sage, E.L. Sobel, Z. Xu, G. Chen, The Bioinitiative Report—A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure Standard for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF), 2007)], it must be concluded that the existing public safety limits are inadequate to protect public health, and that new public safety limits, as well as limits on further deployment of untested technologies, are warranted.

Versione PDF integrale scaricabile al seguente link:

OLLE JOHANSSON – Sistema immunitario e CEM

Some ocular symptoms and sensations experienced by long term users of mobile phones – Effets oculaires en relation avec l’utilisation d’un téléphone mobile cellulaire

[Disturbi oculari ed utilizzo del telefono cellulare.]


Pathologie Biologie 53 (2005) 88–91

Hasan H. Balik a, Dilek Turgut-Balik b, Kemal Balikci c, I. Cem Özcan d

a Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey
b Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey
c Department of Informatics, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey
d University Health Centre, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey


Article history
Received: 26 January 2004
Accepted: 17 March 2004
Available online: 09 April 2004

Ocular symptoms
Mobile phone
Long term use


In this study, a survey was conducted to investigate the possible effects of long term usage of mobile phone (MP) on eyes. The studied symptoms are blurring of vision, redness on the eyes, vision disturbance, secretion of the eyes, inflammation in the eyes and lacrimation of the eyes.
There is no effect on redness on the eyes and vision disturbance, but some statistical evidences are found that MP may cause blurring of vision, secretion of the eyes, inflammation in the eyes and lacrimation of the eyes.
These results suggest an awareness of the symptoms and sensations.

Versione PDF integrale scaricabile al seguente link: