Categoria: <span>Ricerca scientifica</span>

Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: Fact or fiction?

Science of the total environment

Stephen J. Genuis a, Christopher T. Lipp b

a University of Alberta, Canada
b Faculty of Medicine at the University of Calgary, Canada


ARTICLE INFO

Article history:
Received 9 September 2011
Received in revised form 1 November 2011
Accepted 1 November 2011
Available online 5 December 2011

Keywords:
Cell phones
Electro-sensitivity
EHS
Electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic hypersensitivity
Sensitivity-related illness
Wireless


ABSTRACT

As the prevalence of wireless telecommunication escalates throughout the world, health professionals are faced with the challenge of patients who report symptoms they claim are connected with exposure to some frequencies of electromagnetic radiation (EMR). Some scientists and clinicians acknowledge the phenomenon of hypersensitivity to EMR resulting from common exposures such as wireless systems and electrical devices in the home or workplace; others suggest that electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) is psychosomatic or fictitious. Various organizations including the World Health Organization as well as some nation states are carefully exploring this clinical phenomenon in order to better explain the rising prevalence of non-specific, multi-system, often debilitating symptoms associated with non-ionizing EMR exposure. As well as an assortment of physiological complaints, patients diagnosed with EHS also report profound social and personal challenges, impairing their ability to function normally in society. This paper offers a review of the sparse literature on this perplexing condition and a discussion of the controversy surrounding the legitimacy of the EHS diagnosis. Recommendations are provided to assist health professionals in caring for individuals complaining of EHS.

© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Versione PDF scaricabile al seguente link:

Genuis and Lipp 2011

ELECTROMAGNETIC HYPERSENSITIVITY: EVIDENCE FOR A NOVEL NEUROLOGICAL SYNDROME

Accepted by:

Neuroscience-Journals-Impact-Factor-International-Journal-of-Neuroscience

David E. McCarty, M.D., Simona Carrubba, Ph.D., Andrew L.
Chesson, Jr., M.D., Clifton Frilot, II, Ph.D., Eduardo GonzalezToledo,
M.D., Andrew A. Marino, Ph.D.

doi:10.3109/00207454.2011.608139

ABSTRACT

Objective: We sought direct evidence that acute exposure to environmentalstrength electromagnetic fields could induce somatic reactions (EMF hypersensitivity).
Methods: The subject, a female physician self-diagnosed with EMF hypersensitivity, was exposed to an average (over the head) 60Hz electric field of 300 V/m (comparable to typical environmental-strength EMFs) during controlled provocation and behavioral studies.
Results: In a double-blinded EMF provocation procedure specifically designed to minimize unintentional sensory cues, the subject developed temporal pain, headache, musclet-witching, and skipped heartbeats within 100 s after initiation of EMF exposure (P < 0.05). The symptoms were caused primarily by field transitions (off-on, on-off) rather than the presence of the field, as assessed by comparing the frequency and severity of the effects of pulsed and continuous fields in relation to sham exposure. The subject had no conscious perception of the field as judged by her inability to report its presence more often than in the sham control.
Discussion: The subject demonstrated statistically reliable somatic reactions in response to exposure to subliminal EMFs under conditions that reasonably excluded a causative role for psychological processes.
Conclusion: EMF hypersensitivity can occur as a bona fide environmentally-inducible neurological syndrome.

Versione PDF scaricabile al seguente link:

MC CARTY A NOVEL NEUROLOGICAL SYNDROME

Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity – A Summary by Dr Erica Mallery-Blythe – December 2014 – WORKING DRAFT Version 1

Erica Mallery-Blythe

[Splendida rassegna della dott.ssa Inglese Erica Mallery-Blythe sulla ipersensibilità ai campi elettromagnetici.

Impressionante il numero di articoli scientifici che correlano, con nesso di causalità evidente, l’esposizione alle radiazioni elettromagnetiche emesse da diversificate sorgenti (cellulari, wi-fi, stazioni radio-base di telefonia mobile, smart-meter, ecc.) all’induzione di effetti biologico/sanitari.]

For printing purposes:
The first 1-7 pages are body text, the rest are references. This document consists of 79 pages.

Author’s note:
This summary is expanded section of a larger document entitled “Electromagnetic Health for Children”. The full document is designed in response to requests for information detailing current health concerns of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) with a focus on radiofrequency (RF) radiation. This is an expanded subsection covering EHS only.

Background:
We are currently witnessing the largest change to the Earth’s electromagnetic environment that has ever taken place in human history. This change has taken place in the very short period of a handful of decades and continues to escalate at an exponential rate (Appendix 1). Given that household electricity, which was the first anthropogenic (man-made) electromagnetic field (EMF), only became prolific after the turn of the century, artificial EMF has barely seen one generation from cradle to grave. The use of higher frequency microwave devices such as mobile telephony, Wi-fi and smart meters, have suddenly become commonplace despite almost no safety testing and decades of evidence of potentially lethal effects. This has sparked a political and scientific debate that is gathering momentum on a daily basis, raising concern about the continued use of such devices. One may assume when witnessing the vast implementation of, for example Wi-fi in the home, school, workplace or public domain, that experts have provided sufficient evidence of safety to overwhelm scientific concern. This is not the case.

The World Health Orgnaisation (WHO) / International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Classified RF as a Group 2 B ‘Possible Human Carcinogen” (2011). Despite this, there has been no attempt in the UK at disseminating this important information to the public. Conversely, it was not even mentioned in the AGNIR government commissioned report a year later in 2012. The only safety guidelines currently used in the UK are those constructed in 1998 regarding ‘thermal (heating) effects’ of non-ionising radiation. These are not protective of health given the vastly documented non-thermal effect taking place orders of magnitude below these levels. They are obsolete. Other countries have responded to this information and have safety limits more biologically sensible thousands of times below ours (see Appendix 2). Mechanistic data is available to explain these effects and every bodily system is affected (as one would expect from a radiation induced illness).

The very broad range of RF emitting devices on the market were never pre-market safety tested and many now contain fine print warnings from the manufacturers which warn that one must keep the devices a minimum distance from the body which in some cases is incompatible with use. The public are generally not aware of these warnings or the increased vulnerability of certain groups such as children, foetuses, elderly, pregnant women, infirm and those with EHS.

The full paper gives an overview of facts that should be considered during the policy change that is clearly necessary, and this subsection concerns Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity (EHS) only.”

Documento scaricabile al seguente link:

Mallery-Blythe-v1-EESC

Meccanismi degli effetti neuropatologici prodotti dalle microonde – Martin L. Pall, agosto 2015

journal of chemical...

Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression

By Martin L. Pall

Highlights

• Microwave EMFs activate voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs) concentrated in the brain
• Animal studies show such low level MWV EMFs have diverse high impacts in the brain
• VGCC activity causes widespread neuropsychiatric effects in humans (genetic studies)
• 26 studies have EMFs assoc. with neuropsychiatric effects; 5 criteria show causality
• MWV EMFs cause at least 13 neuropsychiatric effects including depression in humans

L’articolo completo sul lavoro è consultabile al seguente link:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891061815000599

Il file PDF del lavoro è scaricabile al seguente link:
Martin Pall Manuscript – Danni neuropatologici da microonde – agosto 2015

“Health Effects of Mobile Phone Usage”

MPB

Lavoro pubblicato nella “Encyclopedia of Mobile Phone Behavior” [(3 Volumes) – Zheng Yan (University at Albany, State University of New York, USA) – Release Date: March, 2015. Copyright © 2015. 1542 pages], un successo per la nostra Associazione, in quanto il vicepresidente Paolo Orio è uno degli autori.

A cura di:
Angelo Levis 
– Università di Padova e “Associazione Per la Protezione e la Lotta all’Elettrosmog” (A.P.P.L.E)
Laura Masiero – “Associazione Per la Protezione e la Lotta all’Elettrosmog” (A.P.P.L.E)
Paolo Orio  “Associazione Italiana Elettrosensibili” (AIE)
Susan Biggin  Institute of Physics (IOP), UK
Spiridione Garbisa  Università di Padova.

In esso vengono trattati i seguenti temi:
– Conflitti di interesse (Angelo Levis),
– Elettrosensibilità (Paolo Orio),
– Uso del telefono cellulare da parte di bambini ed adolescenti (Laura Masiero).

Scaricabile al seguente link:
viewcomplimentarytitle.pdf ZHENG